OIL PALM EBOOK
The oil palm is the worlds most valuable oil crop. With palm oilproduction increasing by more than 50% in the last decade of thetwentieth century and set to . Read "The Oil Palm" by R. H. V. Corley available from Rakuten Kobo. Sign up today and get $5 off your first download. The oil palm is the world's most valuable . The oil palm is the world's most valuable oil crop. With palm oil production increasing by more than 50% in the last decade of the twentieth.
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The oil palm is the world's most valuable oil crop. Its production has increased over the decades, reaching 56 million tons in , and it gives. The Oil Palm.. [Rhv Corley; P B H Tinker] -- The fourth edition of this text on oil palm has been completely revised and updated to include new material in clonal . The oil palm is the world's most valuable oil crop. Its production has increased over the decades, reaching 56 million tons in , and it gives the highest yields .
The oil palm
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Your rating has been recorded. Write a review Rate this item: Preview this item Preview this item. The oil palm Author: Hoboken, NJ: Fifth edition View all editions and formats Summary:.
Show all links. Allow this favorite library to be seen by others Keep this favorite library private. Find a copy in the library Finding libraries that hold this item Electronic books Additional Physical Format: Print version: In the early phase of industrial plantations, rubber plantations spread with increasing rubber prices early in the 20th century.
Following a drop in rubber prices during the s, an increased demand for palm oil eventually led to the growth of oil palm plantations; including both development of new plantations on previously forested land and those replacing old rubber plantations. A significant portion of the expanding plantations have been established by converting natural forests, however, estimates for oil palm expansion originating from deforestation vary drastically.
The patterns and extent of plantation expansion driven deforestation vary regionally and temporally. Direct conversion of forests to plantations has been more common in Sabah and Sarawak Malaysian Borneo [ 17 , 20 ]. The Malaysian palm oil industry plays a significant role in the Malaysian economy and in oil palm contributed to 4. Oil palm plantations covered 5. Understanding factors that influence expansion of plantations is thus important to identify where future plantations might be established.
Commodity crop expansion pathways are controlled by availability of suitable forestland versus other land areas, relative economic and technical characteristics of different land uses, differences in constraints and opportunities for small and large-scale actors, and factors affecting costs versus benefits of forest clearing [ 27 ].
Typically, land cover and land use changes are modeled following land rent theories that use factors determining costs and returns of land conversion to vary with potential profitability from that conversion [ 28 — 30 ], i.
Several biophysical, socioeconomic and institutional factors may influence the costs or returns of converting forested land to agriculture. Forest clearing has been linked to several economic factors like expected prices and demands for commodities like palm oil [ 30 ], higher commodity prices and potential agricultural revenue [ 32 ].
Transportation costs are also expected to impact deforestation probabilities [ 30 ] and proximity to built infrastructure has been linked to greater deforestation [ 32 ], however, changes in transport costs have been shown to influence deforestation differently based on prior land use and extent of development [ 33 ]—they are typically represented using proxies like distances to roads, cities, markets, etc.
Oil palm expansion, specifically, has been linked to elevation, slope, precipitation, soil type, distance to existing palm oil areas, as well as distance to palm oil extraction centers, roads, ports, population centers, and settlements [ 34 — 36 ]. Other accessibility and infrastructure measures such as distance to forest edges, communications cost, presence of protected areas and other land use designations or zoning criteria have also been shown to influence deforestation dynamics [ 29 , 30 ].
Most economic or infrastructure variables influencing expansion of oil palm plantations change with time as market prices, road networks, area under plantation, etc.
Other variables like land use designations, protected areas, and other institutional factors also might potentially change, although, they are usually considered to be static due to their nature of being constant over long time periods.
As the demand for commodities, land use dynamics, and availability of suitable land changes, it is likely that drivers of oil palm expansion will also change. With its long history of forest conversion and plantation cultivation, Peninsular Malaysia now has limited suitable land available for expanding oil palm plantations.
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Front Matter Pages i-xiv. Front Matter Pages Steve Z. Foong, Viknesh Andiappan, Dominic C.
By-Products of Palm Trees and Their Applications, PDF eBook DRM Free
Foo, Denny K. Pages Jecksin Ooi, Michael Angelo B.The specific requirements or preferences of your reviewing publisher, classroom teacher, institution or organization should be applied. It starts off with the emphasis on oil palm production, oil palm products recovery and oil palm wastes utilization. Editors and affiliations. Share Reddit Telegram WhatsApp. The review must be at least 50 characters long. A Vital Balance.
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