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DISCOVERY OF INDIA HINDI PDF

Tuesday, March 26, 2019


Autobiograpy and The Discovery of India — have been my and Persian; the modern languages were Hindi, Urdu, Bengali,. Gujarati, Marathi. Labels: भारत एक खोज, bharat ek khoj, bharat ek khoj online, discovery india, discovery of India, DiscoveryOfIndia, episodes of bharat ek khoj, Jawaharlal. The Discovery of India was written by India's first Prime Minister Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru during his . Create a book · Download as PDF · Printable version.


Discovery Of India Hindi Pdf

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Download {Discovery कोचिंग} Indian Economics Notes pdf Hindi –आज SarkariNaukriHelp आप सब छात्रों के लिए अर्थशास्त्र से. Download Free PDF. In Katherine Mayo, a foreign journalist, visited India. She wrote a book called 'Mother India'. It was about Indian civilization, culture. Jawaharlal Nehru wrote the book 'The Discovery of India', during his imprisonment at Ahmednagar fort for participating in the Quit India Movement (

India would be the third largest economy in the world by and a middle income country by It has already become the second largest market in the world.

The appurtenances of democracy - adult suffrage, a free media, an independent judiciary, the rule of law, the sanctity of property rights - are essential for inclusive growth which in turn strengthens democratic institutions.

Borrowed from British model of Parliamentary democracy, India has adopted best practices from every one. It is a republic where Constitution is supreme. Elected legislature, executive, independent Judiciary and free media are four pillars of our democracy.

Democracy has given Indians an institutional framework for the exercise of political choice and freedom to express dissent. This has acted as an indispensable safety valve in an inequitable milieu with great discrepancies in the distribution of power and wealth.

Introduction

Democracy has given the weakest and the poorest a stake in the system. The Indian electorate now numbers more than million, making Indian elections the largest organised single political activity even in human history. It is part of the inheritance India received from the British after more than years of their Colonial rule, and the same is obvious from the many similarities the Indian legal system shares with the English Legal System.

The frame work of the current legal system has been laid down by the Indian Constitution and the judicial system derives its powers from it. Now a debate on the need to repeal obsolete laws has been set in motion in India with the government appointing a committee to look into the matter.

The first Law Commission of Independent India was constituted in by the Government of India for democratic Indian law reforms in accordance with the directives laid down by the Constitution of India. The primary objective behind setting up of the Law Commission was to introduce suitable changes in pre-Constitution laws recognized by the Constitution of India under article , as and when required.

India of my dreams For many, India of their dreams is a place for equal opportunities, where all the talented people are given equal opportunities for growth irrespective of their caste, gender and economic and social status. India is witnessing a jobless growth even while it is very young country with regard to workforce. One hopes that one day every youth of the country will get a job and employability would be achieved through large-scale skill development programmes.

Women safety and empowerment is yet another dream. Lessening of economic disparity across various social strata in the country is another cherished goal.

While friendly ties with India and Pakistan as well as with India and other countries in the world become the priority for a majority, an improvement in living standards is the concern of all those who are Below Poverty Line at present.

In India, democracy can be actualised in the true sense of the term if Indian politics can do away with casteism, vote bank politics, nepotism and criminalisation. For many, this is the India of their dreams. Honest, politically free and committed bureaucracy is a dream of many, especially who are into social activism, whereas quick justice and judicial activism are seen as an end and not as means by many towards the 'India of my dreams'.

Defence Indian Defence capability is ranked 4th in the world with the 2nd largest army at its command. In India, defence forces have grown from strength to strength after every major armed conflict and military operation in the past 60 years. In the current geopolitical context, India is faced with a complex array of internal as well as external security threats and the Indian Armed Forces are well-equipped to deal with them.

India spends huge amount to enhance its military capabilities. India is the world's largest arms importer due to a stagnant defence-industrial base DIB , which forces the armed forces to acquire 65 per cent of their requirements from abroad.

The Modi government has enhanced Foreign Direct Investment in defence sector from 26 per cent to 49 per cent and the move aims at increasing domestic production and less dependence on imports.

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However, defence sector needs structural reforms to increase domestic production. Elections Fair and free elections are the backbone of our democracy.

From Lok Sabha to local bodies, elections have become a part of our life and a strong tool for empowerment. But Lok Sabha elections was different from the previous ones in more that one ways. After a very long period over 30 years a single party got majority on its own. The elections were personality centric. The elections clearly manifested that youth was no longer ready to digest the blunders done by the previous UPA regimes.

Modi assumed the mantle of power and right now, as things seem, we are seeing a rather unconventional mode of politics and governance. The year was something that triggered a series of changes in India and the trickle effect will possibly cover the entire to settle down and give a final picture.

A changed political landscape would result in two important aspects in times to come. Indian politics was, since independence, dominated by vote banks politics based on religion, caste and other class factors and forces. Smart politicians have realised the change mind set of the youth and the graffiti is on the wall! Indian Economy With the new government taking over this year, India seems to be back on course to getting back to the growth rates seen earlier in the best years.

By any standard, this is indeed a smart recovery. With the new government demonstrating serious intent in reforming the economy by initiating steps towards reforms in land acquisition laws, labour laws, introducing GST, increasing FDI in Insurance, Railways, Construction, Infrastructure and Defence. Sensitive issues like deregulation of diesel have been initiated, while the coal and mining sector is being given an impetus through fresh auctions.

Policies pertaining to clearances from the Environment and Forests are being revised to ensure faster clearances of projects. The fall in global commodity prices, especially crude oil has helped India improve its Balance of Payments situation. The domestic financial investors have also shown marked improvement in sentiment with mutual funds that were net sellers in the last couple of years having turned net downloaders this year.

Mutual funds alone have pumped in 25, crore in equities this year. From , the economy saw its lowest GDP growth rate of 4. The best years saw growth rates touch 9. Industrial Growth However, the industrial growth rates have shown a different trend. The highest growth rate of During the recession years, the industrial growth rate plummeted to 0. The industrial growth rate has been slow to post a recovery but current signs confirm that will be better than the previous two years.

The agriculture and allied sectors have been erratic in growth rates and the period in question has not shown consistent growth or decline, in fact there have been sharp growth and decline in respective years.

The year saw a negative growth rate of The very next year saw the best year posting 9. Similarly, saw growth rate dip to 1. Agriculture and allied sectors have seen increasing interest from corporates who now see a growth opportunity in the sector, with the government adopting a more open policy to private sector investment in modernizing the sector. With modernization and increased credit flow to the sector, growth rates are likely to continue to improve in the next few years.

One sector which has been consistently growing at a rapid pace is the services sector. India is also witnessing rising investment in health services, clinical and pharmaceutical research, education and skill development.

The share of the services sector in the overall economy continues to remain high. The best years witnessed On the fiscal side, the Gross Domestic Savings touched its highest level in at The combined fiscal deficit centre and state had its best year in when it reached However, with the RBI adopting measures to curb the deficit, , the deficit stood at The inflation WPI average touched its highest point in at 9.

The CPI average touched it's highest at While the weakening of the rupee was mostly welcomed by the exporters, especially the IT sector, the same hit the industry hard that was directly or indirectly impacted by it. With the global slowdown, the economy was strained with almost all infrastructure related activities coming to a standstill in the years His initial steps have been to control inflation and bring down the trade deficit.

The curbs on gold import helped to bring down the CAD but by later , the Governor is under pressure to bring down interest rates to boost investment. According to the Census Data , the population stood at The population has risen by In absolute terms, the population has risen by Interestingly, the female population has registered a higher growth rate at The children population count stood at The male child years has increased between and , while the female child in the same age group has decreased marginally.

The density of population per square km in India is persons. Delhi recorded the highest people density amongst all cities at Arunachal Pradesh had the lowest density per square km. Energy In a path breaking initiative, The Prime Minister has taken steps to introduce a power sharing grid amongst the SAARC countries that will ensure that the surplus power generated in one country is distributed to another country based on need.

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India already has power downloading agreements with Bhutan and Bangladesh. India is expected to have a demand of 2 trillion units by Solar, wind and Hydro are major areas that are expected to witness major investments in a bid to shore up clean energy generation.

The government is targeting , mw of clean power generation by Gas based power projects have suffered in the last few years. In a relief to major gas based power plants the government plans to provide major relief to help revive 16, mw of power. Relief measures include lowering of interest rates and longer loan tenures.

Wind energy, a part of the clean energy plan of the government, has received a boost with the government planning to invite bids worth Rs 20, crore in the coming fiscal that will see private players add another 3, mw of clean energy generated from wind.

Investment in power transmission has lagged behind with several south based states suffering from power transmission congestion. The government plans to auction eight major power transmission projects with a cumulative investment of Rs 53, crore. One project will connect Chhattisgarh with Tamil Nadu through a 2, km long high capacity power evacuation link, costing Rs 26, crore.

Railways Reforming the Indian Railways is high on the new government's agenda. The railways has suffered from political interference and lack of adequate investment for years that has resulted in the entire infrastructure becoming strained to maintain, besides safety and efficiency standards falling to dangerous levels. The railways, on account of passenger operations, has been losing Rs 25, crore annually and almost all arms of the railways require a massive inflow of investment if it has to keep a pace with the growth and achieve optimum operational efficiency.

The book also includes interviews with Lord Mountbatten, the last viceroy of British India. Promotion 3.

Sen talks about how India has had a long history of public debate in all spheres of life and how heterodoxy was prevalent in Indian society centuries ago. This vibrant past is something that Sen believes we all should know about — considering that it can have a deep impact on the way we embrace our future. This is the perfect book for you to understand the evolution of Modern India. It covers details of the Harappan and Mohenjodaro findings and then dwells on the now-controversial Aryan invasion theory.

It is a fictional work that takes the story of the Mahabharata, the epic of Hindu mythology, and recasts and resets it in the context of the Indian Independence Movement and the first three decades post-independence. Figures from Indian history are transformed into characters from mythology, and the mythical story of India is retold as a history of Indian independence and subsequent history, up through the s.

Ramchandra Guha provides a fascinating peek into the way this British sport made its foray into India and how it is now a national obsession. The Last Mughal talks about a culturally diverse and rich soceity during the rule of Bahadur shah Zafar, the last Mughal emperor.

In , the first war against the British known popularly as the Sepoy Mutinee marked the end of the Mughal rule. William lists the manner in which these events unfolded and the impact it had on the country — both politically and culturally.

His writing style and flair for capturing insights makes this book a must-read.

10 must-read books on Indian History

India: A history by John Keay John Keay is an English journalist and author specialising in writing popular histories about India, often with a particular focus on their colonisation and exploration by Europeans.In either event the masses were to be exploited by the ruling class. Close observers are of opinion that there was a big conspiracy against the Stalinist regime and that the trials were bonafide. Officials blamed Dr Haffkine for poor quality of vaccine and he was relieved from his position.

Delhi state of India, conducted first state-wide polio vaccination campaign on October 2, , followed by another round in December India of my dreams For many, India of their dreams is a place for equal opportunities, where all the talented people are given equal opportunities for growth irrespective of their caste, gender and economic and social status.