ISO 31000 PORTUGUES PDF
TÉCNICAS. (conforme. ISO/IEC ). PROCESSO DE AVALIAÇÃO DE RISCOS (conforme ISO ). IDENTIFICAÇÃO. DE RISCOS. ANÁLISE DE RISCOS. “O texto em português da norma internacional ISO e do ISO Guia .. de sppn.info, consultado em ISO PROJECT COMMITTEE - RISK MANAGEMENT . AS/NZS ISO Figure 1 – Relationship between the principles, framework and process.
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ISO Uploaded by. Soraya Farias · ISO Técnicas evaluación sppn.info Uploaded by. gilvercito · ISO and Integrated Risk Management. ISO/TR. REPORT. First edition. Risk management — Guidance for the implementation of ISO Management du risque — Lignes . ISO/IEC é uma norma da família de gestão de risco criada em pela International apoio a ISO , trazendo ferramentas que apóiam e dão estrutura para a . Criar um livro · Descarregar como PDF · Versão para impressão.
Therefore, this article aims to present the direct application of ISO Risk Management applied to the safety management of tailings dams. Although not widespread, this standard brings guidelines and principles for the safety management of dams that will contribute to manage the risks associated with these structures in a systematic and effective way.
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Among the most relevant aspects of the subject is the risk management associated with these structures. Klimkievicz states that risk management can be defined as the identification, analysis and maintenance of risks at acceptable levels during the design, construction and operation phases.
In addition, Silva states that it is necessary to consider the analysis, evaluation, control, acceptance and risk mitigation plans at all stages of the structure. Adiansyah et al. According to current regulations, mining companies must adopt some type of risk management tool applied to tailings dam safety. Currently, most mining companies adopt risk management models based on the integrated development of risk analysis, risk assessment and risk control activities Slingerland et.
According to the authors, there are operations of coal and oil sand mines, and their tailings dams and ponds, following these procedures in Canada. In this context, ISO recommends the engagement of all hierarchical levels of a mining company which allows more effectiveness of tailings dam management compared to current standards.
Regarding the safety of tailings dam evaluation, there are some examples with the use of a Set Pair Analysis SPA method. Zheng et al. Considering the control of risk, the appropriate measures can be listed as: mitigation, prevention, detection, emergency planning, review and risk communication Pimenta, ISO provides guidelines and principles for managing any kind of risk in a systematic, transparent and reliable manner, within any scope and context.
This regulation came up due to the lack of terminology standards and divergences between risk management processes in different sectors. Silva states that, in this context, risk management is applied in a fragmented way in the mining industry and within each company.
As a result, ISO standardizes the risk management process, establishing principles and guidelines for its implementation, but most mining companies still do not use it. If risk management is implemented and maintained to the standard, organizations will be following international standards and regulatory requirements. As a result, the governance, operational controls, stakeholder confidence, decision-making, planning, loss prevention, and incident management can be improved.
Mining companies that already have a risk management process in accordance with ISO can carry out periodic reviews of procedures according to specific operational characteristics, maintaining a common language. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to adapt the ISO standard for the risk management associated to tailings dam safety in a generic way. Whereupon the standard can and should be applied in this context.
It should be noted that the standard itself states that organizations that already have risk management should review it and adapt the ISO in their current management. In this sense, this article seeks to present another tool that contributes to the safety of dams. Principles of the ISO standard applied to tailings dams ISO can be applied to any type of risk in any industrial segment because it is a standard that addresses procedures related to risk management.
This regulation deals with the risk management process, establishing principles and guidelines for its implementation. The basic structure is divided into 3 sectors: principles for risk management; structure for risk management and processes for risk management. There is a recommendation that each organization must adapt its operational characteristics.
Notwithstanding, the basic principles of risk management established by ISO should be absorbed by companies. In the case of tailings dams, owners or managers must follow this premise to ensure that the continuity of the risk management process is effective. This section seeks to present a suggestion for the direct application of this standard for safety management of tailings dams with the addition of one more tool.
The eleven principles listed by the standard and adapted here for the management of risks in tailings dams are: The standard creates value: Risk management demonstrates that the company has an attitude towards the dam safety, legal and regulatory compliance before society in general; Integral part of organizational processes: With application of the standard, risk management is not restricted to an exclusive sector of the mining company, such as the dam safety team.
This is also incorporated into the company's top management, all organizational processes, project management, including strategic planning and change management processes; Part of decision making: Risk management is an essential tool to help decision-makers make mindful choices and prioritize actions; Explicitly addresses of uncertainty: Risk management prioritizes the analysis of uncertainty, its nature and how it can be addressed; Systematic, structured and timely: Structured risk management contributes to efficiency and reliable results; Based on the best available information: The input data should be careful with evaluation of methods and sources; Tailored: Risk management can and should be adapted to the context of the mining company and its risk profile; Takes human and cultural factors into account: Consider the perceptions and intentions of people who are directly and indirectly linked to the safety process of tailings dams.
Transparent and inclusive: Ensure representativeness of all stakeholders; Dynamic, interactive and responsive to change: Monitoring and continuous critical analysis to detect new risks due to the change of events in the internal and external context; Facilitates continual improvement and enhancement of the organization: Important strategy of mining companies to improve their maturity in risk management.
The principles described above are the basis for the risk management proposed by ISO , which then has two more stages.
According to the methodology proposed by this standard, the following two steps must relate to each other, since one feeds the other. The first stage acts in a generalized way representing the management structure.
The second is specific to the management process. Figure 1 shows the management structure composed by the design, implementation, monitoring and critical analysis and continuous improvement of risk management.
All these components must be secured through the commitment of the mining administration, which includes policy definition and plans, objectives, mandates, responsibilities, resources, processes and activities.
In this way, the structure ensures that the information obtained in the risk management process is properly reported and used as a basis for decision making as well as for accountability at all levels of mining, thus achieving effective and integrated risk management within the scope and strategic policies and practices of the mining company.
The risk management process deals with the systematic application of policies, procedures and management practices for internal and external communication activities, consultation, establishment of the context, process of risk assessment, monitoring and critical analysis. Framework for risk managing According to ISO , the effectiveness of risk management depends basically on the structure, since it provides the fundamentals and the arrangements that it will incorporate.
The structure assists risk management effectively by applying the risk management process at different levels.
The structure ensures that risk information from the process is adequately reported and used as the basis for decision making and accountability at all levels of mining. In Figure 2 , it is possible to verify how the standard makes available the components of the structure in order to manage risks.
In the sequence, approached was the manner in which each component is adapted for the safety management related to the safety of tailings dams. To this end, top management must implement at least the following items: Define and approve the risk management policy related to tailings dams; Ensure that the values and mission of the mining company are linked to the safety of tailings dams; Define performance indicators for the risk management related to the safety of dams that are in line with the performance of the mining company; Align the objectives of the risk management related to the safety of dams with the objectives of the mining company; Ensure legal and regulatory compliance; Allocate responsibilities at the appropriate levels within mining in relation to the risk management related to tailings dams; Ensure that the necessary resources are allocated for the risks management related to the tailings dam; Communicate the benefits of risk management to all stakeholders; Ensure that the risk management framework continues to be improved.
The external context related to the tailings dam is related to: regulatory aspects, environmental impacts, self-rescue areas, community, associated risks and others. The mining company must also have a risk management policy that declares the general safety intentions and guidelines of the structure. The risk management should include clear objectives and defined responsibilities, which will allow the proper functioning of the structure respecting the technical and environmental parameters of the same.
Finally, it is necessary to ensure the continuous improvement of this policy. Considering aspects of accountability, the mining company, in the figure of its senior management, should establish a risk policy in its company that clearly defines the objectives of the safety management of the dam.
Establish the appointment of those responsible for the activities and providing resources, whether material, personal or financial. Ensuring accountability, authority and appropriate competence to manage risks. The risk management of tailings dams should be integrated with the strategic planning of the company, being interconnected with the top management of the mining company. The mining company's top management must guarantee enough resources to implement and manage the risk management related to tailings dams in their fullness.
This should include financial resources, training, information management systems, IT and others. Mining should establish an internal communication plan to promote and support risk ownership, as well as promote a communication system to communicate with external stakeholders.
The implementation of risk management is divided by the standard in two stages: implementation of the structure and implementation of the process. To implement the risk management structure, the mining company must implement a dam safety team or geotechnical management as provided in its chart. Regarding the second stage, implementation of the risk management process, a risk management plan for each structure should be adopted as an integral part of its daily mining practices and processes.
This step verifies how efficient is the risk management related to the dam safety. The indicators proposed by senior management must be in perfect harmony with the plan executed. Some suggestions for indicators in this step may be: what improvements have been made to the structures in a given period, whether the safety factors of the structures are within the established limits, whether the results of the external audits are within the established, if there was an accident or incident in a certain period of time, if there was interruption in the operation of the structure in the period under review, if there was recycling of the team responsible for dam safety, and if the legal norms were met in the period under analysis.
These are some suggestions of indicators for this phase, however each mining company must establish its indicators according to its context. Risk management process The risk management process refers to the application of the policy and procedures established in the structure, and must be an integral part of management, being incorporated into the culture and practices of mining.
This stage is interconnected with the structure that implements the risk management plan for the dam; that is, identification and analysis of risks, assessments and treatment of dams. In this step, the risk tolerances that guide and direct the decision making on the risk response strategy are also determined.
Figure 3 summarizes the risk management process that the standard recommends. The communication and consultation stage permeate the whole process of risk management. It involves the mining company and stakeholders, as it must establish continuous and interactive communication processes to provide, share and obtain information regarding the society's vision of dam safety.
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ISO Managing Risk 5. Preparing for and responding to negative events, from the predictable to the unforeseen, from the mundane to the catastrophic, has become a fact of life for businesses and governments around the world. Tackling these risks requires an integrated and holistic framework with the capability to identify, evaluate and adequately define responses to the circumstances This holistic approach gives organizations a better framework for mitigating risk while advancing their goals and opportunities in the face of business threats Source: ISO 6.
ISO 7. ISO 8. It contributes to the improvement of management systems. ISO 9. ISO It is aligned with the organization's external and internal context and risk profile. Appropriate and timely involvement of stakeholders and, in particular, decision makers at all levels of the organization, ensures that risk management remains relevant and up-to-date.
Involvement also allows stakeholders to be properly represented and to have their views taken into account in determining risk criteria.
Risk management continually senses and responds to change. As external and internal events occur, context and knowledge change, monitoring and review of risks take place, new risks emerge, some change, and others disappear. Components of Framework Source: ONR Successfully reported this slideshow.
This step includes the selection of the most appropriate options for the treatment of risks, the preparation and implementation of the treatment. Preparing for and responding to negative events, from the predictable to the unforeseen, from the mundane to the catastrophic, has become a fact of life for businesses and governments around the world.
Consider external trends during process design. This step verifies how efficient is the risk management related to the dam safety. Full Name Comment goes here. Conversely, risk management relies on effective governance e.
In fact this did not happen: Figure 1 shows the management structure composed by the design, implementation, monitoring and critical analysis and continuous improvement of risk management.