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MENS HEALTH KOREA PDF

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Request PDF on ResearchGate | Men's health in South Korea | Over the last four decades, rapid industrialisation and a Westernized lifestyle. This study was conducted to review the current state of men's health in South . Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, the prevalences of ED in South Korea. Download Men's health korea pdf: sppn.info?file=men's+ health+korea+pdf Read Online Men's health korea pdf.


Mens Health Korea Pdf

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4Korea Biomedical Science Institute, Seoul, Korea. Correspondence to: Sae . Ministry of Health and Welfare. sppn.info 2Department of Urology, Konkuk University Medical Center, Konkuk 8 Department of Urology, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul. research and policy on health inequalities in Korea. SOCIOECONOMIC .. men's smoking), more specific policy measures should be di- rected toward.

BMC Med ;9 1 — Gosse M.

Nutr Bull ;39 1 — Patient Educ Counsel ;94 1 —7. The relationship of waist circumference and BMI to visceral, subcutaneous, and total body fat: sex and race differences. Obesity ;19 2 —8. Indices of abdominal obesity are better discriminators of cardiovascular risk factors than BMI: a meta-analysis.

Men's Health March

J Clin Epidemiol ;61 7 — The development of waist circumference percentiles in British children aged 5. Eur J Clin Nutrit ;55 10 —7. A systematic review of waist-to-height ratio as a screening tool for the prediction of cardiovascular disease and diabetes: 0. Nutr Res Rev ;23 2 — Ashwell M, Hsieh SD. Six reasons why the waist-to-height ratio is a rapid and effective global indicator for health risks of obesity and how its use could simplify the international public health message on obesity.

Internat J Food Sci Nutr ;56 5 —7. Waist circumference and waist-to-height ratio are better predictors of cardiovascular disease risk factors in children than body mass index. Internat J Obesity ;24 11 — Relation of body mass index and waist-to-height ratio to cardiovascular disease risk factors in children and adolescents: the Bogalusa Heart Study. Am J Clin Nutr ;86 1 — Diabet Care ;34 6 — Waist-to-height ratio is the best predictor of cardiovascular disease risk factors in Japanese schoolchildren.

J Atherosclero Thrombo ;9 3 — Waist-to-height ratio is a better obesity index than body mass index and waist-to-hip ratio for predicting diabetes, hypertension and lipidemia. Bangladesh Med Res Council Bull ;29 1 :1— Optimal cut-off values for obesity: using simple anthropometric indices to predict cardiovascular risk factors in Taiwan.

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Int J Obesity ;26 9 — Acta Paediatrica ; 12 — Screening and interventions for childhood overweight: a summary of evidence for the US Preventive Services Task Force. Pediatrics ; 1 :e—e Waist-to-height ratio, a simple and practical index for assessing central fat distribution and metabolic risk in Japanese men and women.

Internat J Obesity ;27 5 —6. Waist circumference and waist-to-height ratio as predictors of cardiovascular disease risk in Korean adults. Circulat J ;73 9 — J Pediatr ; 2 —5. Heitmann BL, Frederiksen P. The higher prevalence of ED may be attributed to the relatively higher prevalence of risk factors for ED Figure 3.

However, since the launch of Viagra, an improved understanding of ED, an increased number of patients recognizing the need for treatment and the availability of convenient oral medication for treatment have contributed to a significant increase in the number of patients visiting clinics for ED treatment.

Prevalence of risk factors of erectile dysfunction: Not surprisingly, some illegal generic drugs are circulating on the black market, and this situation has led to drug misuse. A survey conducted in South Korea in revealed that With the definition of infertility as the failure to conceive after 1 year of unprotected sexual intercourse, a study on the utilisation of health services and coping strategies for infertility conducted in South Korea in revealed that the rate of infertility in couples was The causes of azoospermia were obstructive in The prevalence of Y-chromosome microdeletions in Korean men with infertility is A number of animal studies have shown that exposure to industrial chemicals containing estrogenic properties or anti-androgens in utero or during the perinatal period may cause cryptorchidism, hypospadias, reduced sperm count and testicular cancer in males, which may represent the symptoms of an underlying developmental disease, the testicular dysgenesis syndrome.

Industrial development has been remarkable over the past 40 years in South Korea, resulting in the spread of environmental pollution. Type 2 DM is a major chronic disease and public health problem in South Korea. A report by a task force assembled to study the epidemiology of Korean DM in reported the following results: The incidence rates of cataracts, retinopathy and glaucoma were reported to be 3, 3. Acute stroke was estimated to be 5.

Thyroid diseases are common endocrine disorders and are much more prevalent in females than in males. Although there are no well-designed, prospective cohort studies to evaluate the epidemiology of thyroid dysfunction in South Korea, the data from an institutional-based, cross-sectional study showed a prevalence similar to that of other iodine-sufficient areas.

The prevalence of hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism peaked in the fifth decade and in the seventh decade, respectively. The prevalence of obesity is rapidly increasing in many countries, including South Korea.

The Westernized diet and a reduction in physical activity appear to have caused a rapid rise in the prevalence of obesity during the past 10 years. The prevalence of the metabolic syndrome has also markedly increased in South Korea recently.

According to a Korean health survey, the prevalence of hypertension was Hypertension is more frequent in men, the elderly the prevalence peaked in the 60s for men and in the 70s for women , people with low levels of formal education and people in a low income bracket.

The yearly trend of mortality related to hypertensive diseases is shown in Figure 6.

Strokes triggered by hypertension were one of the six leading causes of death in South Korea. Yearly mortality related to hypertensive diseases unit: Hypertension accounted for Recently, a multicentre, nationwide, cross-sectional, population-based survey involving 13 hypertensive patients was conducted to investigate the current status of hypertension treatments in Korean patients. The overall mortality of ischaemic heart disease is Heart disease caused one of every 12 deaths, and the total number of deaths due to ischaemic heart disease was 12 in The prevalence of ischaemic heart disease was higher in men and in the elderly.

Similarly, the mortality associated with ischaemic heart disease also increased in Figure 7. Yearly mortality related to ischaemic heart disease unit: Cardiovascular surgery was first introduced in South Korea in , and the number of cases has increased annually.

While percutaneous coronary intervention using coronary stents has markedly increased during the past 10 years, bypass surgeries have not increased.

The use of statin therapy in patients with coronary artery disease has markedly increased and has improved the prognosis of these patients. Although the role of air pollution in the aetiology of COPD is unclear, the effect is small compared with that of cigarette smoking. The epidemiology of cancer in South Korea has been changing in parallel with the increase in the number of elderly and the adoption of a Western lifestyle. The top five cancers in Korean men are cancers of the stomach, lung, liver, large bowel and prostate, 5 among which the incidence of stomach, lung and liver cancers decreased by 0.

The incidence and mortality rates of stomach, liver and cervix cancers known to be related to infections have decreased, whereas the incidence rates of prostate, large bowel and breast cancers so-called Western cancers have increased, which may be attributed to the diet and lifestyles in South Korea that have been rapidly Westernized during the last 20 years.

For colorectal cancer, the 5-year relative survival rate between and was close to the OECD average: Incidence of 10 major cancers in South Korean in unit: Prostate cancer, the most rapidly increasing cancer in Korean men, has been one of the 10 most common cancers since and became the fifth most common cancer from to Prostate cancer accounted for 3.

Prostate cancer accounted for 0. The blood level of prostate-specific antigen, a representative screening test for the early detection of prostate cancer, was introduced in South Korea in but was not widely adopted, therefore resulting in a continuous increase in yearly deaths caused by prostate cancer in South Korea. In contrast, in the United States and United Kingdom, the prostate-specific antigen test was widely adopted when it was introduced, and the mortality of prostate cancer markedly decreased.

The incidence of thyroid cancer has increased during the last two decades in South Korea. Thyroid cancer became the most common cancer in women and the sixth most common cancer in men in The prevalences of musculoskeletal diseases were The incidence of musculoskeletal diseases correlated with sociodemographic status.

Men's health in South Korea

The prevalence of cognitive impairment In a community study, the age—gender adjusted prevalence of dementia was 6. The four statistically significant risk factors for dementia were age, illiteracy, unconsciousness after head injury and lack of exercise.

Age and a low level of education were risk factors for dementia. In a nationwide survey involving men and women aged 21—69 years, the prevalence of sleep disorders was Among those with sleep disorders, 8. A rapidly ageing population due to the increase in life expectancy and the drastic reduction in birth rates, a rapid industrialisation, Westernisation of the diet and a reduction in physical activity in South Korea has changed disease patterns in men, increasing the prevalence of BPH and LUTS, ED, congenital genitourinary anomalies such as cryptorchidism and hypospadias, DM, thyroid diseases, obesity, hypertension, coronary artery disease, COPD, colorectal and prostate cancers, and suicide.

Consequently, a sharply rising medical expenditure for elderly men is becoming a real burden of national finance. Education regarding the value of preventive health care must be strongly encouraged at a national level to protect ageing men's health. National Center for Biotechnology Information , U.

Journal List Asian J Androl v. Asian J Androl. Published online Apr Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC.

Abstract Over the last four decades, rapid industrialisation and a Westernized lifestyle have changed disease patterns in South Korea.

Health, men, South Korea. Introduction The global increase in mean life expectancy and the drastic reduction in fertility rates have resulted in a rapidly ageing global population.

Open in a separate window. Figure 1. Figure 2. Erectile dysfunction ED The prevalence of ED is reported differently depending on the evaluation methods.

Figure 3. Infertility With the definition of infertility as the failure to conceive after 1 year of unprotected sexual intercourse, a study on the utilisation of health services and coping strategies for infertility conducted in South Korea in revealed that the rate of infertility in couples was Adapted with permission Congenital anomalies, cryptorchidism and hypospadias A number of animal studies have shown that exposure to industrial chemicals containing estrogenic properties or anti-androgens in utero or during the perinatal period may cause cryptorchidism, hypospadias, reduced sperm count and testicular cancer in males, which may represent the symptoms of an underlying developmental disease, the testicular dysgenesis syndrome.

Thyroid diseases Thyroid diseases are common endocrine disorders and are much more prevalent in females than in males. Table 4 Prevalence of hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism in men and women in South Korea per people Obesity The prevalence of obesity is rapidly increasing in many countries, including South Korea. Figure 4. Cardiovascular system Hypertension According to a Korean health survey, the prevalence of hypertension was Figure 5.

Figure 6. Figure 7. Malignancy The epidemiology of cancer in South Korea has been changing in parallel with the increase in the number of elderly and the adoption of a Western lifestyle. Figure 8.

Musculoskeletal The prevalences of musculoskeletal diseases were Dementia In a community study, the age—gender adjusted prevalence of dementia was 6. Sleep disorders In a nationwide survey involving men and women aged 21—69 years, the prevalence of sleep disorders was Conclusion A rapidly ageing population due to the increase in life expectancy and the drastic reduction in birth rates, a rapid industrialisation, Westernisation of the diet and a reduction in physical activity in South Korea has changed disease patterns in men, increasing the prevalence of BPH and LUTS, ED, congenital genitourinary anomalies such as cryptorchidism and hypospadias, DM, thyroid diseases, obesity, hypertension, coronary artery disease, COPD, colorectal and prostate cancers, and suicide.

Notes The authors declare no competing financial interest. References Statistics Korea Social indicators in Korea. Daejeon, Korea; Statistics Korea; October Daejeon, Korea; Statistics Korea; OECD health at a glance Am J Epidemiol. Prevalence of lower urinary tract symptoms in Korean men in a community-based study.

Eur Urol.

Relationship of symptoms of prostatism to commonly used physiological and anatomical measures of the severity of benign prostatic hyperplasia. J Urol.The incidence of cryptorchidism and hypospadias showed a tendency towards increase. Inteligencia Innovadora. Tipo Type: Am J Clin Nutr ;89 2 — Strokes triggered by hypertension were one of the six leading causes of death in South Korea.

PSA Research Center. Nicotine Tob Res.