INDIAN HERITAGE PDF
Indian Painting Tradition: ancient, medieval, modern indian painting and . Cultural heritage includes all those aspects or values of culture transmitted to. Indian Culture and Heritage (). Please, follow the links below for Indian Culture( MB) PDF File Opens in a new window. Module 2: History and Culture . This lecture series entitled The Heritage of Indian. Culture was given by Swami Krishnananda during the course of eight Sunday evening satsangs in Here .
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ONE. INDIAN. GIRL. Chetan Bhagat is the author of six bestselling TIME magazine named him as one SP 34 (): Handbook on Concrete Reinforcement. The first edition of The Cultural Heritage of India, in three volumes am! aljout 2,1) 00 cultural heritage of India from the mow ancient rimes to the present day. heritage of India. 1. Mahatma Gandhi is the embodiment of Indian culture and its heritage. So it is desirable to know about Indian cultural traditions. This unit.
Immersion of Ganesha idol during the Ganesh Chaturthi festival in Maharashtra Kathakali performances are a part of Onam festival tradition. The Hornbill Festival , Kohima , Nagaland.
The festival involves colourful performances, crafts, sports, food fairs, games and ceremonies. Play media Chapchar Kut cheraw dance in Mizoram.
Chapchar Kut festival is celebrated during March after completion of their most arduous task of Jhum operation i. Indian New Year festival are celebrated in different part of India with unique style in different times. Certain festivals in India are celebrated by multiple religions. Sikh festivals, such as Guru Nanak Jayanti , Baisakhi are celebrated with full fanfare by Sikhs and Hindus of Punjab and Delhi where the two communities together form an overwhelming majority of the population.
Adding colours to the culture of India, the Dree Festival is one of the tribal festivals of India celebrated by the Apatanis of the Ziro valley of Arunachal Pradesh , which is the easternmost state of India.
Nowruz is the most important festival among the Parsi community of India. Islam in India is the second largest religion with over million Muslims, according to India's census.
Christianity is India's third largest religion. Literature The field of humanities is crying for more Indian inputs. Literature, in particular, gives far more place to English and American writers than to Indian authors from various regions and epochs.
It does not matter in the least if Indian students are ignorant of Shakespeare or Shelley, but should they know next to nothing of Kalidasa, Bhartrihari, Valluvar, Bankim or Tagore? Should they have no glimpse of the Tamil epics or the poems of great saints? Most M. Leaving classical literature aside, how many contemporary Malayalam writers can a Tamil or Bengali student name offhand?
Again, the problem lies clearly with the syllabus.
But teachers can use some care in selecting short inspirational pieces from various epochs and Indian regions; they can prepare research projects or make use of various extra- curricular activities including staging plays to partly fill this lacuna. History There is something sadly wrong in our present teaching of history, which is little more than a colonial relic.
It is symptomatic that in recent years, a few State Boards of education have gone so far as to toy with the idea of removing history altogether from the curriculum— an admission of the complete irrelevance of the present line of history teaching. But which country can afford to ignore its history?
And which country has more history than India? The famous Roman navy, for instance, was built with Indian teakwood, just as the so-called Damascus steel in the Near East, famed for its hardness, was forged in South India.
Among those translated were some by Brahmagupta. All of this is accepted by scholars worldwide, so why such timidity at home in making the Indian child rightly proud of India as a most prolific and generous civilization? This perspective should naturally emerge from any history course, but since our minds remain colonized, sincere teachers will have to do some homework to bring out important facts relevant to their discipline.
Khangchendzonga National Park, Sikkim
Civics Civics should lay less stress on the Constitution, the laws, human rights etc. This is not religion in the Western sense, but the Indian cultural, spiritual, ethical notion, which was seen as the foundation for a well-ordered, functional society.
And dharmic values can easily be illustrated, not only through a few well-chosen stories from the Epics or various collections like the Hitopadesha, but also from actual historical developments. Moreover, while teaching Indian democracy, many textbooks err in projecting democracy in India as born in As we mentioned earlier, democracy is an old Indian tradition, dating back possibly to Harappan times, and in any case to the Mahajanapadas of early historical times; this Indian trait remains one of the foundations of village life in rural India.
In the same vein, it is easy to show that education is much more an Indian than a Western tradition, and was regarded as a sacred mission in India till colonial times. Art Indian art is much admired around the world.
Here, the use of multimedia can convey the meaning of Indian painting, architecture, music and dance far better than a few dry paragraphs. But at least, the availability of quality material should make this field easier to handle through extra-curricular activities. Ecology Ecology is increasingly introduced at school, partly in geography and partly in life sciences.
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While the infatuation with a game like cricket is often hard to understand, what is even worse is the utter neglect of Indian games and martial arts, which could be integrated with great benefit. Be it kusti, kalaripayattu, silambam, kabaddi, all these not only deserve to be preserved, but have great potential for self-control and discipline in addition to physical accomplishment.
Of late, we hear more and more of the need to teach Yoga, by which is generally meant asanas and a bit of pranayama. While this is an excellent development probably a by-product of the respectability acquired by Yoga in the West , we should keep in mind that Yoga is much more: a science of inner and outer health, a system of self-exploration and self-fulfilment. Physical practices can serve as an introduction to these deeper dimensions of Yoga.
As guidelines, I suggest that specific themes should be taken and treated in depth, rather than through a mere passing mention. For instance, a dedicated instructor could take any of the following great concepts or achievements of India: 1. The Indus-Sarasvati civilization as a peaceful, prosperous society, with a remarkable civic discipline despite the invisibility of rulers. Democracy early Republicanism in the Mahajanapadas, under the Cholas, etc. Peaceful cultural expansion within India, resulting in cultural unity and integration.
Indian Culture and Heritage History PDF
Peaceful cultural diffusion outside India. Harmonious and non-military interaction with other cultures in Asia and other parts of the world. Respect of all life forms. The art of doing much with little. Simplicity of living and sustainability of traditional Indian lifestyles and techniques.
Interconnectedness and oneness of all life. Svabhava and svadharma: spiritual freedom and pluralism. Respect of the other, therefore of other cultures.
Indian Culture and Heritage ()
Spiritualization and sacralization of art and literature—ultimately of all life. Advanced concepts and pioneering developments in mathematics, astronomy, medicine, technologies. Yoga: integral development of our personality.
A spirituality wholly compatible with modern science unlike Semitic credal systems. Survival of Indian civilization in the face of multiple aggressions. A few examples: 1.
The revival of regional literatures e. Munshi in Gujarat. A generation of outstanding Indian scientists, such as those named earlier. The rejuvenating of nineteenth-century Western literature, thought and humanism through the discovery of Sanskrit literature. The stimulation of modern science e. Fuelling the New Age movement late twentieth century by spreading yoga, meditation, concepts of rebirth and karma.
Staying together as a nation. So why did I call this approach the most difficult? This involves a good deal of training, research and self-education. Although much material is now available, it is not often presented in a readily assimilated form, and spurious material is mingled in it at times. Few teachers, lecturers or even professors today are capable of this, or willing to take the trouble.
That is the crux of the whole problem. Unless they are properly trained, and unless the parents and managements are prepared to support this line, the old system will persist. We must make sure that Indian education comes of age: after more than six decades of independence, there is no excuse for not decolonizing it. No great nation was ever built by petty minds with no vision, no knowledge of their roots and no self-confidence.
III, p. Shukla and K.Painting, Performing Arts and Architecture Raman, Satyendranath Bose, S.
indian culture and heritage
The Elephanta caves are located on an island in the Arabian City, not very far from the city of Mumbai. Bose, S. MENON, That moment they realized that they were not dealing with one reality, one way to conserve, but at least two different contexts, one based on the universal theories and the other on the neglected native practices. Cunningham was appointed as the first Archaeological Surveyor between and Literature The field of humanities is crying for more Indian inputs.
The society also started a conservation movement that led to growing awareness of Indian culture, discovery and publication of ancient monuments, and study of Indian architecture.
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