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Paradise Lost BOOK 9. John Milton (). THE ARGUMENT. Satan having compast the Earth, with meditated guile returns as a mist by Night into Paradise. Satan having compast the Earth, with meditated guile returns as a mist by Night into Paradise, enters into the Serpent sleeping. Adam and Eve in the Morning go . BOOK I. Of Mans First Disobedience, and the Fruit. Of that Forbidden Tree, .. And with their darkness durst affront his light. - 9 -. BOOK I. Milton: Paradise Lost .

Paradise Lost Book 9 Pdf

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Download free eBooks of classic literature, books and novels at Planet eBook. Paradise Lost. Book I. Of Man's first disobedience, and the fruit . Page 9. Paradise sppn.info Satan further laments how far he has fallen, from the highest Archangel to the “mazy folds” and “bestial slime” of a serpent, but he. John Milton's Paradise Lost Book 9 (A Critical Analysis by Qaisar Iqbal Janjua) - Free download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read online for free.

This is a fault with her creation possibly, or maybe Milton is showing how he sees women of his time. Here the speaker is describing events. Eve leaves Adam to go about her work alone.

As she wanders off, she is compared to Pomona, Roman goddess of orchards, fleeing from Vertumnus, god of seasons and change who tricked Pomona into marrying him. She is also compared to Ceres, goddess of agriculture. However, the rage in his heart boils up again and sets him back on his course. The obvious tie is simply that Eve is ostensibly going to work the land she is described to be using simple tools and thus is carrying out the tasks which are the domain of those deities, but there is a greater level of complexity in the comparison to Pomona.

Vertumnus is the god of change, and Satan is an enactor of change in this situation. We are left to wonder once again whether his nature is evil or if circumstance has molded him into something twisted. If the same mind that is Satan were born a human being, could he have been happy on Earth as he suggests? This section is Satan's monologue. Satan is telling himself that he should not feel any goodness, love, or hope while watching Eve.

Satan had a moment previously where he felt pleasure because of Eve, a feeling that would hinder him in his task to corrupt her. Satan tells himself that he came here because of the hatred he feels, he wishes to punish God and he cannot pass this chance up. Satan describes Eve as "Opportune to all attempts" 9.

John Milton's Paradise Lost Book 9 (A Critical Analysis by Qaisar Iqbal Janjua)

Adam is described stronger, more intelligent, and essentially a better creation. Satan admits that Adam would be difficult to corrupt, but not impossible, so he chooses to go after Eve instead. Eve is again described as beautiful, fit for a God, and Eve has never been subjected to this level of hate hidden behind fake Love.

Satan will use that hatred to ruin her. The speaker is speaking, and telling of the meeting between Eve and Satan disguised as the serpent. Satan is described not as being slithering on the ground, but upright and being at eye-level with Eve.

His eyes are described as "carbuncle" l. Overall, he presents himself as a beautiful creature, one that appears trusting to Eve. The speaker then describes how Satan first makes contact: This is then compared to how a ship sailing around a part of the Dover Coast that has high winds and waves. A sailor would turn their ship sideways to make it through without wrecking.

The speaker then says that Satan begins making pretty little wreaths out of flowers with his tail to draw the attention of Eve, who ignores the sounds as she is used to animals rustling about as she does her work. Satan at this point comes right up before her, bowing down to lick the grass at her feet. His beauty is described again as Eve sees it for the first time, and, once he has her attention, begins to talk to her, his "fraudulent temptation" l.

John Milton's Paradise Lost Book 9 (A Critical Analysis by Qaisar Iqbal Janjua)

These lines cover the beginning of Satan's attempt to tempt Eve with the forbidden fruit. He quite graciously complements her, focusing on her extreme beauty while telling her not to question why a snake is talking to her. He thinks that she should be worshipped as "a Goddess among Gods," 9. In this section, Satan, as the serpent, finished speaking. His words amaze Eve. Eve questions how the serpent can speak in her language, even though he cannot speak a language of his own.

She describes the act of the serpent speaking as a "miracle" l. This makes me think that the miracle isn't a miracle for humans, but could be a miracle for Satan, a chance for him to thrive. Eve also says that the serpent deserves her attention for being so special and her never knowing it until now l. This passage is the set up for Satan to persuade Eve to eat from the Tree. Satan, in the form of the Serpent, replies to Eve's query in this section regarding how he gained the ability to speak the human language and why he has become so enamoured with her compared with the other animals.

He begins by telling her that he would gladly answer any request or command that she has of him, and then begins narrating how he began as any other animal with all of their inherent limitations compared to Man. Then one day he spotted the Tree of Knowledge off in the distance, huge and covered with different coloured fruits. He could not resist the temptation, and so began climbing the Tree to reach the high branches laden with fruit.

He ate as much fruit from the tree as he could, and it wasn't long before he started noticing changes happening to him: Upon gaining these abilities, he began contemplating all of the good and fair things in the world, and found that all of these things were united in the form of Eve, upon which time he decided to find and gaze upon her in "worship.

In these lines Eve is responding to Satan disguised as a serpent , who has just told her that it was a fruit from the garden that has given him the power to speak and reason. Eve is amazed by the power of this fruit and asks where and how can this tree be found. She goes on to say that there are many trees in the garden unknown because of the sheer abundance of different trees. She further states that the vast amounts of various fruit give man the luxury of choice, leaving an abundance of fruit untouched by man.

Eve states that these fruit will go untouched until the population broadens and is able to pick more of what grows.

This seems to fit into the argument that suggests Man does have free will. My short section is of the serpent describes the garden with imagery of flat land and a row of Myrtles to Eve. I looked up what myrtles were and they are defined as an "evergreen shrub that has glossy aromatic foliage and white flowers followed by purple-black oval berries" google. The serpent is saying that if Eve accepts the invitation to go to the tree, that he will bring her there.

A whimsical yet foreboding comparison constitutes the bulk of this passage; instead of the usual classical references, the poet inserts a delicious slice of European folklore to animate Satan's mischief acted out in the flexible reptile 9. This mysterious phenomenon has transcended the ages; in medieval times it was called foolish fire [Lat. The narrative given in this passage is that the effect of Satan on Eve is like a "wandering fire" 9.

It is somewhat surprising that the speaker attempts a naturalistic explanation for this occurrence 9. In these lines Eve is speaking to the serpent, she says that they have made an unnecessary trip to see this tree because even though this tree might be full of fruit it is not fruit that they can eat. Essentially, do they really have Reason? In lines [sic], Satan begins to speak to Eve about the forbidden tree.

After Satan asks Eve the question, Eve begins to speak and once again explains to him that they may eat from any tree but the one forbidden tree. In lines , the speaker is describing the serpents reaction to Eve's answer, and the serpents preparation in order to tempt her. Because the serpent is so eloquent and charismatic, the speaker likens the serpent to a great orator of old.

The serpent's zeal and persuasiveness makes his upcoming speech to Eve harder to resist, as his words convince her to trust and believe him. This description of the serpent's power is a way to take some of the blame off of Eve for falling to temptation. It shows that the Serpent enticed Eve and fooled her into doing what he wanted, deflecting some of the responsibility for the fall from Eve.

Satan has just finished giving his final advertising pitch for the Tree of Knowledge of good and evil to Eve. If the Fruit was so tantalizing that it tempted her to eat it even without persuasion is it not possible that the fortunate fall could have taken place without Satan?

If this is the case we arrive back at the argument of who are the pawns in this chess game? If the Fruit by itself was enough to tempt Eve that means that Satan is just a pawn or even a catalyst in the chess game of God and Man. However, this phrase goes a step further even and suggests now only a clouding of mind but also of heart. Eve has not physically sinned yet but due to the fact that she has entertained the thought of sinning in her mind her heart has already begun to reap the consequences of the fall.

The speaker is also careful to include that Eve does not just spontaneously act upon her inclinations. Instead she takes a pause and mulls over the whole situation in her head before making her life-changing decision.

The speaker in these lines is Eve as she is reflecting on the forbidden tree and the story that Satan disguised a snake has told her. It starts with her admiring the fruit and not knowing what to do. Having been told by God that the consequence of eating from this tree is death she is confused by the snake's contradictory statements.

She is also confused because the snake seems to be positively affected by eating the fruit. He went from being a snake with no language to being able to speak the same language as man. It has been established in other books that death is a negative consequence and although Eve is still unaware of what death is, however, she seems to think perhaps it is not as bad as it was made out to be.

While still being slightly cautious, she wonders if the fruit will affect her the same way it did the snake, because they are two very different things. This idea is seen in lines 9. Part of Eve's confusion about eating the fruit I would say comes from lines 9. The snake's praising God and acquired language skills do not make it appear that anything bad could possibly come from eating the tree's fruits. Some of the more important lines in this passage I think are lines 9.

At the end of this passage Eve decides to eat from the tree and reaches up to pick the fruit. She did this because from what she can tell, and what is presented in the book by the snake, is that good things will come and that death clearly cannot be the option if the snake is alive. Or at least death cannot be as bad as she once thought. I was a little confused with one part of this passage. On lines is Eve saying that the unknown of the tree is what is known, and that the unknown is still what is unknown?

In this passage the speaker describes Eve as she falls for Satan's temptations and eats the forbidden fruit. Satan retreats back into the thicket as the Earth and Nature mourn now that all is lost. Eve fails to notice the serpent leaving since she is completely absorbed with eating the fruit. To her it is absolutely delicious and unique in its taste. However, while Eve greedily devours the fruit she fails to realize that she is eating death.

After finishing, Eve feels lifted with joy, as if she had been drinking wine. It's astonishing that Eve falls for temptation despite being warned by a powerful angel and the man she loves above all else. This passage and the ones before , reveal a lack of integrity within Eve. The emphasis on the greed with which she devours the fruit portrays her as quite an unsympathetic character.

Eve talks about how wonderful the tree of knowledge is, and says that now that she has started eating its fruit, she has become so much more mature in terms of her knowledge. She also thanks Satan for encouraging her to eat from the tree, as if it weren't for him she would still be ignorant. As she thinks about how much better it is to have knowledge rather than ignorance, she calls God our "great forbidder," protected by all his angels, where she is obviously wondering why he would deprive people of knowledge.

But then she wonders whether or not she will tell Adam about the tree. If she doesn't, then for once the two of them will be of equal intelligence. But then she wonders if she will die from having eaten the fruit, and dreads the thought of that meaning Adam will find another wife to replace her. Therefore, she decides that he should share the tree with her, where they can live or die together.

In this passage, the speaker describes how Eve turns away from the Tree of Knowledge before setting off to find Adam. Before departing, "first low Reverence [is] done" 8. The Tree's nectar is then defined as the "drink of Gods" 8. The Tree appears to be godly in this sense and Eve treats it like a superior. This seems to exemplify Eve's disloyalty to and betrayal of God. Adam, on the other hand, is "waiting desirous for her return" 8. Adam is still innocent here unlike Eve, and he has wove a garland for her.

As Eve approaches, Adam feels as though something is wrong and goes out to meet her. Adam clearly adores Eve and this adoration will later be made clear in their dual sin. He then notices that Eve holds "a bough of fairest fruit" 8. In these lines, Eve tells Adam that she ate the fruit and has not suffered any consequences. Focusing on the garland he was making for her in her absence, he seems to have only been thinking of her while she was gone.

True, she has been thinking about him after she ate the fruit, but in a more jealous way than he is. I also want to draw attention to the fact that he drops a garland made of flowers, and his blood runs cold.

I associated the flowers with spring and their carefree lives, and when the chill runs through him, it's almost signalling the cold turn both of them are taking. He remained in spring while he was oblivious to what she had done, but as soon as he finds out, there is a striking change.

Adam then acts very distraught and questions how all of this has happened to Eve and figures that Satan has seduced her incognito.

Adam goes on to explain how he cannot live without Eve and even if God made another woman he would still never get over Eve.

In my opinion for someone who is supposed to have a lot of wisdom, Adam has none. Instead of thinking logically about what it would mean for him to defy God he is blinded by love and is only considering the consequence of not being with Eve anymore.

Adam is speaking in this section, and he is dealing with Eve having partaken of the fruit of knowledge and him needing to know what to do about it. Adam has, by the start of this section, decided that he is going to follow her into death if he has to. Adam, having finished his internal monologue, talks to Eve about how he is feeling, Adam makes the assumption that God will not destroy them for their transgression.

Adam makes some assumptions as to how God rules the world, he is correct as they are not killed. This would seem to prove that God makes empty threats to keep people in line. There seems to be a desire to not let Satan win overall, despite his individual victories over the will of God. Adam's fate is thus sealed with his decision to keep Eve as his wife despite her error. In lines , Eve is speaking to Adam and is trying to tempt him into taking a bite from the forbidden fruit.

She begins by flattering Adam, as she proclaims her love for him while also praising his perfection. She indicates that death shall separate them if he does not eat the fruit, and argues that if Adam really does love her than he will eat the fruit and thereby undergo the same fate.

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Satan returns to Hell where cheers greet him. He speaks to the devils in Pandemonium, and everyone believes that he has beaten God.

Sin and Death travel the bridge they built on their way to Earth. They try to reach fruit from imaginary trees, but find that it turns to ashes in their mouths. God tells the angels to transform Earth. Humankind must now suffer hot and cold seasons instead of the consistent temperatures they enjoyed before sinning. On Earth, Adam and Eve fear their approaching doom. They blame each other for their disobedience and become increasingly angry. In a fit of rage, Adam wonders why God ever created Eve.

Eve begs Adam not to abandon her. She says they can survive by loving each other. She accepts blame, for it was she who disobeyed both God and Adam. She ponders suicide. Adam, moved by her speech, forbids her from taking her own life. He remembers their punishment and believes that they can enact revenge on Satan by remaining obedient to God. Together they pray to God and repent. God hears their prayers, and sends Michael down to Earth.

Michael tells them that they must leave Paradise. Horrified, he asks Michael if there is any alternative to death. He sees generations of humans sinning by lust, greed, envy, and pride. They kill each other selfishly and live only for pleasure. Then Michael shows him Enoch, who is saved by God as his warring peers attempt to kill him. Adam also sees Noah and his family, whose virtue makes God choose them to survive the flood that kills all other humans.

Next is the vision of Nimrod and the Tower of Babel. This story explains the perversion of pure language into the many languages that are spoken on Earth today. Adam sees the triumph of Moses and the Israelites and then glimpses the Son sacrificing his life to save humankind. After this vision, Adam and Eve must leave Paradise.

Paradise Lost, Book 9

Led by Michael, Adam and Eve woefully leave Paradise, going hand in hand into a new world. He continues an eternal battle with God and goodness for the souls of human beings. Satan, at first, is an angel with a single fault, pride, but throughout the story he becomes physically and morally more and more corrupt.

GOD The Absolute, ruler of heaven, creator of earth and all of creation, God is all seeing, though he seems to pay less attention to things further away from his light. God has a sense of humour, and laughs at the follies of Satan and seems to be a firm and just ruler.

The Son of God is more sympathetic to the plight of mankind and often advocates on behalf of him in front of God. The Holy Spirit is, in fact, the creature through whom the Old and New Testament were written according to Christians; therefore he is the best vehicle from which Milton can draw the truth.

The three form the unholy trinity in contrast to God, the Son, and the Holy Spirit.

Sin is sent to hell with Satan and stands guard at hell's gates. She is a horrible looking thing, half serpent, half woman, with hellhounds circling her. She will invade earth and mankind after Satan causes Adam and Eve to fall.

He is a dark, gigantic form who guards the gates of hell with Sin. He, too, will reign on earth after Satan causes the Fall. Death, however, will plague not only men and women, but all living creatures on earth down to the smallest plant.

Death, as a terminal end, will be defeated when God sends his Son Jesus Christ to earth. ADAM First created man, father of all mankind, Adam is created a just and ordered creature, living in joy, praising God. Lonely, Adam will ask for a companion and will thereafter feel deep and uncontrollable, though ordered, love for her, named Eve.

This love will ultimately get Adam in trouble, as he decides to disobey God rather than leave her. Adam has free will and, by the end of the poem, also has the knowledge of good and evil.

EVE First created woman, mother of all mankind, Eve is rather a fickle and vain woman, easily flattered by Adam and Satan. Her weakness becomes her downfall, as her vanity drives her to disobey God. She loves Adam as well, though the implication is that she loves herself much more. Raphael is traditionally seen as a friendly and sociable angel and, in fact, sits down to eat and gab with Adam for most of an afternoon.

Raphael is a gentle guide and appears as a luminous, soft being. He is more of an instructor and a punisher than he is a friend and a guide.

ABDIEL The only angel who stands up to Satan and his thousands of minions when Satan first suggests rebellion, Abdiel is praised as being more courageous than even those who fight in God's army because he stood up in the middle of evil and used words to battle it.

Beelzebub is the name of one of the Syrian gods mentioned in the Hebrew Bible. He is the first with whom Satan confers when contemplating rebellion and he is the first Satan sees when they are in hell. Beelzebub relies totally on Satan for what he thinks and does.

Later, Satan uses Beelzebub as a plant to get hell's council of fallen angels to do what he wants them to do. Victory over God is less important to Moloch than revenge against him.

He represents a part of all the fallen angels that secretly wishes God would take them all back. MAMMON Another fallen angel Mammon thinks that the fallen angels should try to build their own kingdom and make their life as bearable as possible in hell. He is the ultimate compromiser, and, though his compromise is illogical and will not work, the crowd loves him.

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Satan slips into the garden in the form of mist. He then hides himself in the snake. While going though Eden, Satan again laments his loss of heaven when he sees how beautiful a creation paradise is. Eve suggests they split up and divide the work to get more of it done. Eve is amazed that the serpent knows how to speak and asks how this is possible.

Satan replies that it is because he ate from a tree in the garden. He brings her to the Tree of Knowledge to show her. Eve takes an apple and devours it. She then decides, because of her love, to involve Adam. They meet in front of the tree. Adam is upset, but decides he cannot live without Eve, so he takes the apple as well.

When he eats the apple, the two are seized with lust, and Adam leads Eve back to the bank where they first lay together. Adam sews together fig leaves to cover themselves. Adam blames Eve for their torment.

Eve blames Adam for letting her work in the garden alone. Adam blames Eve for being angry about that, and they spend the afternoon blaming on another. The emerging sciences, arts, and literature point to a different sense of the individual than that of the dark ages.

Milton was straddling the heavy hand of the church and religion of the middle Ages and the humanism and individualism of the future, both in his personal philosophy and in his historical context.

Milton was, in many ways, a humanist and believed in the value of human life as well as the rights and freedoms that are inherent in that life. However, Milton continually balanced this with the idea that true freedom can only be had if it is in line with the ordered, rational will of God. Adam loves Eve and so, by joining her in eating the apple, sacrifices his own happiness for love. This, in itself is good act, motivated by love.

A true humanist would say that Adam is acting freely and he has done a good thing. Milton, however, shows that even good acts are evil and corrupt if not done in line with God's will.

Adam is disobeying God and no matter what he does outside of obedience, it will be bad. However, just as with Adam in good works done in disobedience, Satan is wrong because he is acting outside the will of God, no matter his courage, bravery, or justification in rebelling against tyranny.

Despite his humanism, therefore, Milton believes that no acts can be considered good if they are against God's law. It is quite clear in this book that right after Adam took a bite of the apple, Adam and Eve had lustful, passionate sex. Referring back to Book IV, where it is inferred that they were having sex all along, one can see the difference in sex in pre-fall uncorrupted mankind and post-Fall irrational man.

Pre-Fall Adam and Eve were guided by reason and order and so therefore all acts, even acts of love, brought him closer to God. Post-Fall Adam and Eve are using his animal appetites that brought him closer to animals than God. Line actually begins the storm. Although we may be unsure what Milton had in mind by these numbers matched with events, we can be sure that it was not incidental and probably has something to do with numerology of ancient Mesopotamian religions. Once again, Milton is showing the physical, macro results of an internal, micro moral decision.

The earth, i. In this chapter and the next, the natural elements of earth will crumble and become corrupted in the sense in the sense that natural disasters, and violence between species, will become the norm. Earth will then become a mixture of the types of nature seen in both heaven and hell. It will, at times, be spectacularly beautiful, full of light and blooming in colours. It will also, however, have its dark times, be engulfed in floods and flames, and look more like an unordered hell.

The physical descriptions of Adam and Eve have changed as well. They no longer glow with joy, they are less angelic in their nature, and, within hours of eating the apple, they are prone to new, irrational emotions ranging from anger to deep depression. As well, they see each other differently as well.

Specifically, they are more interested, and worried, about their genetalia than ever before. The reproductive organs suddenly take on a value they are evil in that they lead to lust , which was hereto unheard of when Adam and Eve lacked knowledge.

For Milton, the interior state of the soul is displayed visibly in the physical. Sin is always visible. The Biblical story of the fall and its consequences serve as a framework to get the desired aim. The exposure of human nature is made through the characters of Adam and Eve. Both are like and unlike human beings.

The degree of innocence, simplicity, credulity, nobility, gentleness, obedience, submission and purity, which the reader finds in them, is hard to be found in human beings.

They are more angels-like and less like us. It is first of all Eve who attracts our attention. She argues with Adam over the division of work. Her dissatisfaction, doubts and complaints are familiar thinking processes of human psychic make up.

The complaining wife tries to convince her contended husband that their work to maintain the Garden of Eden is beyond their capacity that all their efforts to keep the garden well trimmed have failed, hence, there is pressing desirability to divide their labours. She, on the one hand, calls God unjust by complaining of excessive work while on the other hand, finds faults with Divine Plan, which enjoins them to work together.

In short, her complaints and suggestions are natural to human mind. His arguments are sensible and logical but they are thoroughly coloured with religious sentiments like a gentle husband, he advises Eve not to criticize Divine Scheme because it is not binding on them to keep on working and to do nothing else.

He further expresses his apprehension like a true Christian. Unlike Eve, he loves to live a life of obedience and submission. At the same time, Adam has a noble disposition, but neither he is authoritative nor assertive. The reader gets some dim glimpses of his Uxuriousness. Eve exposes typical female psychology by insisting upon her original plan.

She wrongly interprets Adam by saying that if they confine themselves within a small area and remain all the time in a state of fear; their life cannot be called happy. What he means to say is that union is strength; when together they would administer to withstand any trial easily.

He idealizes Eve that it is in her presence, he feels stronger and more courageous. Eve reveals obstinacy in her behaviour. She once again gives clear indication of the presence of germs of evil in her mind. She advances a novel argument that God has not made them so imperfectly that they should be incapable of meeting danger or temptation individually.

It would mean that God made her imperfect. She becomes representative of universal human nature by showing her inclination towards evil. There is blend of both good and evil in Eve, though good dominates. Eve becomes more attractive human being than Adam as she behaves, talks and thinks, like an average human being. Adam is more reasonable and convincing than Eve in his arguments.

He rightly feels there is danger inherent in the fact that man may loose control over his own faculties or the devil might drag him into fraud and deception through something that seems too good and fair and that freewill requires to be exercised under the constant control of reason. He knows that whosoever violates the human limits will be punished by God. His apprehensions are that of a true Christian.

He also becomes a spokesman of human nature. Both Adam and Eve are the proto-types of universal human nature.

Hence, both are like human beings therefore attract our attention and appreciation. They become the victim of forbidden fruit, on the temptation of Satan. The whole of this episode is described in a dramatic and epic style. But the major source is the internal and external conflict of characters.

It is important to note here that the element of epic grandeur is never lost. The first dramatic situation is the scene when Eve advances her suggestion that she and Adam would accomplish more if they were to divide their labour. She also criticizes on the ground that the work, which they do in Paradise, is somewhat more than their capacities permit.

Her dissatisfaction with the order of things is a pointer towards her tragic and ominous fall. He says that they are stronger when united. The argument with Adam ends when he allows her to work independently whenever she likes. Adam is embarrassed where Eve is happy at her newfound independence.

This newfound emancipation is the concept of liberty, which has been a point of discussion for critics. As far as Milton is concerned, he does not approve of this kind of liberty. The event of the fall would not have taken place if Adam and Eve have remained together. Violation of interdependent relationship becomes a tragic flaw.

We compare this concept of liberty with the concept of liberty enunciated by Satan in Book 1, there is 20 By Qaisar Iqbal Janjua Contact: Satan rebels against God on account of injured merit. He thinks that God was rewarding him in view of his qualities and merits.

If we take these two concepts of liberty together, one thing at least is sure that God does not approve any of these. The next scene portrays Satan and Eve. Here the drama is at its height.

If the scene with Adam is exposition, the scene with Satan is the development of action. Finding Eve alone at the early hours of the day, Satan becomes happy and makes his way towards her.

This descriptive passage serves the purpose of pause in action and enhances the effect of suspense because it prepares us for the great events that are to follow. Reaching Eve, Satan flatters her in the manner of a court poet. This gives Satan an opportunity to continue his dialogue with her. He describes the physical as well as intellectual pleasures, which he got from the fruit of that tree.

Eve is compelled by her inquisitive nature and she asks him to show her the tree. On seeing the tree Eve bends her head because it was the forbidden tree. Eve tells the serpent that she has been forbidden to taste its fruit.

Here the serpent shows a great psychological understanding of the character of Eve. He delivers a powerful rhetorical speech. He turns his attention away from Eve to the tree, itself. He addresses the tree in the following words: The serpent traps her in his arguments in such a way that there is no way out left for her. He asks her if the tree offers knowledge of good how can it be just of God to refuse such 21 By Qaisar Iqbal Janjua Contact: He further tells her that God would praise their courage for eating the fruit of this tree.

Eve is completely nonplussed at the argument of the famous temptation speech. But before committing the fatal sin, she pauses and thinks. Her thinking at that moment is a kind of soliloquy. What she reasons out is much more effective than the temptation speech of Satan.

She argues that the prohibition is unreasonable since it prevents her from judging the very problem, which it raises. Ignorance of evil keeps her away from the full importance of goodness. She unmindful of all things plucks the fruit and greedily eats it. The immediate effect of eating the fruit is that there is an upheaval of Nature, which sighs through all his works. She is closer to normal, average and common human beings. Satan is a con artist of a very high order.

He adopts the right channel to seduce Eve. He flatters her in the persuasive manner. That Eve is trapped to Satan and it does not seem unnatural. His attack is well planned and well executed.

Satan hypnotizes Eve and succeeds in bringing her reason under his control by yelling fibs that his comprehension got sound and his vision broadened after he tasted the forbidden fruit. Accordingly, her curiosity inflated to the maximum. Her response or reaction is not surprising though it is shocking and painful. It is an open secret that in the course of their life the human beings get strayed and run after false, illusive and hollow ideals.

After tasting the forbidden fruit on the one hand, she develops a sense of superiority while on the other hand exposes typical female jealously. She is worried that if death comes and claims her life. Adam might marry another Eve. He tastes the forbidden fruit out of sheer love for Eve. His act of disobedience confirms him a real human being of flesh and blood. Afterwards, their last sexual act bickering, realization, shedding of tears, feeling of remorse and repentance are typical to human beings.

Flag for inappropriate content. Related titles. Contribution of Surrey and Wyatt to English Sonnet.Thou never from that hour in Paradise Foundst either sweet repast, or sound repose; Such ambush, hid among sweet flowers and shades, Waited with hellish rancour imminent To intercept thy way, or send thee back Despoiled of innocence, of faith, of bliss! Satan returns to Hell where cheers greet him. Revenge, at first though sweet, Bitter ere long, back on itself recoils: Let it; I reck not, so it light well aimed, Since higher I fall short, on him who next Provokes my envy, this new favourite Of Heaven, this man of clay, son of despite, Whom, us the more to spite, his Maker raised From dust: Spite then with spite is best repaid.

Thee I have misst , and thought it long, depriv'd Thy presence, agonie of love till now Not felt, nor shall be twice, for never more Mean I to trie , what rash untri'd I sought , [ ] The pain of absence from thy sight. Hast thou not wonderd , Adam , at my stay? Likewise, he says that the more pleasures he comes across that the people get to experience and he can't, the more he feels hatred towards them.

Great are thy virtues, doubtless, best of fruits, Though kept from man, and worthy to be admired; Whose taste, too long forborn, at first assay Gave elocution to the mute, and taught The tongue not made for speech to speak thy praise: Thy praise he also, who forbids thy use, Conceals not from us, naming thee the tree Of knowledge, knowledge both of good and evil; Forbids us then to taste!

Adam has free will and, by the end of the poem, also has the knowledge of good and evil. However, the rage in his heart boils up again and sets him back on his course. Concupiscence Lust is seen in their faces so they cannot hide their new state from God or the Angels and Adam begins to fear his rapture, which is a selfish thought.