STUDY AND THINKING SKILLS BOOK
YOUR STUDYING AND THINKING task here is meant to enhance your communication skills in English for you to cope effectively with your academic. Study and Thinking Skills in College book. Read reviews from world's largest community for readers. Study and thinking skills in college [Kathleen T McWhorter] on sppn.info * FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Book by McWhorter, Kathleen T.
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Eng Study and Thinking Skills Syllabus - Free download as Word Doc .doc), PDF books 3. Classification of. Books Quiz, Recitation, Discussion, Activity 4. Studying and Thinking Skills in English For College Freshmen Dr. Remedios A. Sanchez, Prof. Rosalinda G. Avila ISBN: A. What is a Library? According to Dunlap, a library is a “collection of graphic materials —books, films, disc and tape recordings, computer tapes — organized for.
Dennis M. Placido, Charlie M. Dagwasi, Shierwin A.
Cabunilas, Asisclo M. Abonado III. Philosophy is life. It is a search for meaningful existence. It is mapping out our way towards meaningful and significant existence. It aims to clarify our human understanding of anything, including ourselves.
The method in philosophizing and in the understanding of the human person is activity-driven that involves understanding by doing. Since philosophy is art itself, the tools for understanding include seeing, reflecting and acting. Since the workbook is thematic, each theme involves the three tools: The act part involves a personal contribution to the enrichment of understanding the human person.
Philosophy is also the love and pursuit of wisdom. As such, the method employed in this workbook is phenomenological in the sense that it intends to present being as the underlying reality in human consciousness.
It presents a description of the phenomenon of the human world, yet hermeneutically analyzed within the context of philosophical reflections. The study of the human person is critical and reflective on the human person's nature and unique existence. It provides foundations for a deeper understanding of what and who the human person is, and what it means to be fully human. The workbook is geared to accomplish several general objectives: First, it aims to introduce the students to the different perspectives about the human reality; it also aims to enable the students to cultivate the habit of critical thinking and free inquiry on the human person; 3 It is also to integrate the student's learning of the human person in other disciplines and at the same time to enable the students to attain a profound understanding about their human experiences.
The students are also given the opportunity to analyze and reflect on philosophical insights through reading philosophical texts; and, 4 finally the workbook aims to develop in the students the skills of critical thinking through writing their philosophical insights about the human person. By using the workbook, students are geared to attain these competencies: The workbook thematically addresses the human project regarding: After each topic, discussion questions are provided to deepen our seeing-reflecting-acting process.
All Rights Reserved, Studying and Thinking Skills in English Authors: Constacia M. English , English 1 , Our Product. Bernadette B. Enriquez , College Books , Constacia M. Introduction to Philosophy Gabitan. Jose Rizal As it is the wish and willful desire of every human being to attain education, it is the desire as well of the protagonists of this textbook to attain education that is valid and sound. Abonado III Philosophy is life.
Ask questions rather than give orders. Let the teacher know that you sincerely want to do well in the course. Always have the course textbook in your hand whenever you see the instructor. Hand in all assignments on time throughout the semester. After studying the material, stop and recite in your own wor4ds all that you have learned.
Go back to what you did not understand and reconsider the information. Contact external expert sources.
Syllabus in ENGL – STUDY AND THINKING SKILLS IN ENGLISH
Ask three kinds of questions concerning the studied material. If I can speak to the author, what questions will I ask or what criticism would I offer?
How can I apply this material to what I am interested in? How can I make this information interesting and understandable to other students? Specific Knowledge is not as important as the ability to learn and make sense of new information. These skills comprise knowledge, disposition, and cognitive and metacognitive operations.
The model categorizes thinking skills form the concrete to the abstract — knowledge, comprehension, application, analysis, synthesis, evaluation. The last three are considered higher —order skills. Blooms Taxonomy, which is shown in the table below, presents the following: Six levels of thinking, skills demonstrated for each level, and question cues that elicit responses for each level. Unity through the Use of the Topic Sentence The topic sentence states the central idea to be developed. It may be expressed or implied.
If it is expressed, it is found at the beginning of the paragraph, at the end of the paragraph, or anywhere between the first and the last sentences.
When placed at the end of the paragraph, it serves as the concluding or clinching sentence. If the topic sentence is implied, as the concluding or clinching sentence. The controlling idea limits the scope of the topic and helps the writer to focus on the topic sentence of the paragraph Sample paragraph Touch is our most intimate and powerful means of communication.
A doctor makes the mother feel her baby to give her satisfaction after her birth labor. The mother caresses the newborn to give the baby a feeling of love and security that will be the foundation of the self. A son holds the hands of his dying father in a final goodbye. These tactile stimulations oftentimes spell a difference. Topic sentence: Touch is our most intimate and powerful means of communication.
Unity through the Use of Supporting Details Supporting details are the sentences that help develop or expand the main idea in the topic sentence. These details that help expand the topic sentence may be in the form of a description, an example, a comparison or contrast, a classification, etc.
Sample Paragraph Touch is our most intimate and powerful means of communication. A son holds the hands of his dying father in a final goodbe. Topic Sentence: Touch is our most intimate and powerful means of communication Supporting details: Examples or instances when touch communicates intimate and powerful messages. Supporting details are the sentence nos. In a coherent paragraph, the reader easily grasps the meaning of what he reads because he sees the orderly sequence of ideas and their relationship to one another.
There are no gaps in thought. But sometimes, the ideas are expressed in a jumbled fashion or are not clearly linked so that the reader fails to follow the flow of though in the paragraph. Such a paragraph needs coherence. Coherence is achieved by following a definite order of ideas, also referred to as logical bridges, and by using verbal bridges or structural devices.
To add ideas, use and, moreover, further, furthermore, also, likewise, similarly, too, in like manner, again, besides. To introduce statements opposing the preceding statements, use but, nevertheless, otherwise, on the other hand , conversely, on the contrary, however, still, yet. To show time sequence, use then, now after that , later, eventually, at the same time, meanwhile, in a few minutes, within an hour.
To indicate order, use next , in the second place, to begin with, first, second, finally, in conclusion. To show space relation, use to the right, in the distance, straight ahead, up above. To indicate a consequence or a conclusion, use hence, consequently, thus, so, for this reason, therefore, as a result. To indicate repetition of one idea, use briefly, that is to say, in fact, indeed, in other words.
To compare, use so, similarly, likewise, in the same way.
Parallel clause structures Each of us likes to belong to some groups of tightly knit people Where we are known and accepted Where we are committed to each other Parallel sentence structures Give me land. Land to own. Land to unbeholden to any tyrant. Land that will be free. Give me land for I am starving Give me land that my children may not die Note the ascending order of importance: The Kings of the earth The great men of the earth The earth The sea Any narrative, whether rit is simple or complex, has four basic elements: The setting denotes the time and place of the story.
Character refers to the persons who take part in the narrative. The so-called point of view in a story is the perspective the writer take sin telling his story such as: First person point of view - the writer tells of his own story. First person -observer point of view- the character tells in the first person a story or event he has seen. This can also be second person point of view. Author -observer point of view- the writer tells very objectively about the events as they happened to another individual.
This can be referred to as third person point of view. The narrative, furthermore, makes use of signal words or phrases, one type of verbal bridges. Sixteen is a prideful age when a young man needs respect, not charity.
Oned day, I found myself in the General store making downloads on credit for my father. David, the storeowner, was standing behind the cash register, talking to a middle-aged farmer. When I brought my downloads to the counter.
I was filled with pride. The teenager was asked to download goods on credit. He approached the storeowner to make the download on credit. The storeowner agreed to his request.
Point of view- First person point of view. The teenager narrated his own story Verbal bridges- signal words one day , when, but, because, as the, and Inferring — a reading skill that is done by making an oinion based on given facts. Therefore, he must have been a very good debtor in that store. Discussing the Characteristics of the Paragraph Character Sketch A character sketch is a form of exposition. The subject of a character sketch may be an individual or a group. Where does he live or work?
Is the place cluttered or neat and well kept? Also, the way the subject moves may reveal his qualities. Does he move slowly but surely?
Spritely but erratically? Furthermore, his likes and dislikes, hobbies , choice of clothes, motives- all these will give clues to his character traits. Sample Paragraph The Remarkable Mission of Herman Steur Herman Steur, a wealthy Dutch businessman, was sleeping soundly in his beachfront mansion in Pamunugama Sri Lanka, when his butler jolted him awake to announce he had visitors — a distraught woman and her four children dressed in ragged clothes.
Her husband, a poor fisherman, had died and she had neither coffin nor blanket to wrap him up for th burial. Profoundly touched by the tormented widow, Steur ordered his butler to give her all the bed sheets thaty she needed and pressed in to her hand rupees S Type of Character — individual; only one person is characterized Point of view — Third person point of view; an observer tells the story.
Reading ability may be improved by understanding conditional sentences with words like if, unless, provided, otherwise. To cite an example for each type of process writing: The instructions should be specific, complete, and properly sequenced. Verbal bridges referring to signal words to denote time sequence help considerably to achieve coherence in the paragraph.
Among the signal words to denote time sequence are: Greening the Red Planet Terraformation — the greening of the red planet — would be the most ambitious engineering project in human history.
This feat may be accomplished in several stages. The challenge is to warm mars, first by raising the temperature from degrees to degrees.
How to Study and Learn (Part One)
One way to begin this is to build chemical factories, power them with small nuclear reactors that would pump out green house gases to cover the planet, and prevent the escape of heat. Then as the temperature rises, the atmosphere will become thicker but not thick enough.
Hence an ozone substitute will be manufactured supplement the atmosphere. When the temperature reaches degrees, tundra vegetation will survive. Later, as the planet warms to degrees, carbon dioxide, nitrogen and water will seep from the crust. The atmosphere will continue to thicken and water will pool in canyons.
Soon, Mars will have a breathable atmosphere when microorganisms will create soil to sustain plants, and plants will convert the atmospheric carbon dioxide to oxygen. When the temperature reaches -5 degrees, the ice will melt. Bodies of water will be formed and rain will fall regularly.
Trees will be planted, changing the dry red planet into a moist green globe. Terrafromartion, one of our prodigious dreams, may founder. But suppose it could be done, should it be done? Analyzing the Sample Paragraph Unity Topic Sentence — This feat terraformation may be accomplished in several stages Controlling idea - several stages Supporting details — Mars will be war5med first the temperature from to degrees. Chemical factors will be built, powered by small nuclear reactors.
Greenhouse gases pumped out by these factories will cover the planet and prevent the escape of heat. Then as the temperature rises, the atmosphere will thicken. The atmosphere will not be thick enough. An ozone substitute will be manufactured to supplement the atmosphere. The atmosphere will continue to thicken. Water will pool in canyons.
Microorganisms will create soil to sustain plants. Mars will have a breathable atmosphere. When the temperature reaches -5 degrees, ice will melt. Bodies of water will form Rain will fall regularly.
Clinching Sentence — But suppose it could be done, should it be done? Coherence Logical bridge paragraph order - Chronological or time order Verbal bridge structural order - Signal words denoting time: First, then, when, as. Beside simile, metaphor, and hyperbole, some of the other figures of speech commonly used are personification, metonymy, synecdoche, and irony Personification- Endowing inanimate objects or abstract ideas with human qualities.
Truth speaks. Metonymy — using a word associated with an object to represent it. Are you familiar with Virgil? Respect gray hairs. Irony — Expressing an idea opposite to what is meant. Paragraph by Description Description appeals to the five senses: The two types of description, according to purpose are objective and subjective.
Objective description, sometimes called informative scientific or technical, aims to inform or to identify; hence, it is factual. It is focused on the physical aspect and appeals to the intellect. This type of description abounds in textbooks, guide books, lo-and-found logbooks, and police records.
Furthermore, since the objective type usually deals with the description of objects, persons, or space, it uses the space order.
The writer determines the starting focal pint and then proceeds smoothly and continuously without interruption for regression to the right, or vice versa; from near to far or vice versa; from the top to the bottom, or vice versa; from the outside to the inside, etc. In effect, the sequence of the description imitates the movement of the eye of the video camera.
The other type, subjective description, also referred to as artistic aims to give pleasure or to elicit special feelings or reaction; hence, it is suggestive and evocative in language.
This type of description is often employed in narratives, poetry, and at times in expository discourses. However, most paragraphs utilize both the subjective and the objective types as shown in the sample paragraph. Perched on granite rocks that were left behind by the receding glaciers ten thousand years ago, it looks picturesque.
The rocks have since been smoothened by the constant lashing of the waves from the Atlantic Ocean.
The stark whiteness of the rocks makes a striking contrast to the color of the quaint cottages with roof painted in bright red of varying shades. Below the rocks , fishing boats that are no less brightly colored, ply the waters.
A little up left, the Atlantic ocean comes in full view. The water is so placid that it might as well be name Pacific. Its hue of brilliant blue seems mysteriously hypnotic.
It beckons the beholder to come closer to the edge and be engulfe3d in its majestic beauty. Roofed cottages, brightly painted boats ply the serene water, ocean hue of brillian blue, very hypnotic. Coherence Logical bridge — space order — village itself, perched on rocks-cottages-boats- Atlantic Ocean focal point — the village itself. Verbal bridge — signal words denoting locations or direction on, around, below, further, up left Type of Description Objective description — a fishing village, perched on granite rocks, rocks lashed by waves, white rocks, red roofed cottages , serene waters.
Subjective description — tiny —connotes familiarity, picturesque- suggests no ordinary beauty, stark- hints of total complete quality, quaint- conjures feelings of nostalgia, a longing for the pleasant past placid, pacific- conveys serenity, peace, hypnotic-arouses mystery, fear of the unknown. Giving Titles Titles — a distinguishing name of a book, poem, selection, picture, etc.
A catchy, striking, or attractive title entices yo to read on. Therefore, it pays to have a title that is not only relevant and suggestive of the content, but also attractive. Paragraph by Example No man has painted more deep-dyed villain than has Shakespeare, but at some hour in the lives of these most wicked of characters, you see their souls quivering under the eyes of God.
Macbeth has murdered the king; in the midst of festivity he sees the ghost, the shadow of his conscience! The king in Hamlet has murdered his brother; at the hour of midnight, he is a man alone with the Eternal God.
He trembles like a coward; the murderer wants to pray. A sea of blood rolls between his guilty soul and the merciful eyes of God. See Richard the Third who sailed his craft of state on a sea of blood up to the English throne. Alone in his tent, he cries out in his sleep the nature of murdered dead. Analyzing the Structure of the Sample Paragraph Unity Topic Sentence - …but at some hour in the lives of the most wicked of characters, you see their souls quivering under the eyes of God. Controlling idea - wicked characters quivering under the eyes of God Supporting details — Examples of deep-dyed villains who quiver before God: Macbeth has murdered the king; sees the ghost-shadow of his conscience; The king in hamlet has murdered his brother; at midnight he trembles like a coward; Richard the Third has murdered the king of England; alone in his ten, he cries out the name of the murdered dead.
Coherence Logical Bridge paragraph order — deductive: Verbal Bridge Structural Device - Repetition of key words- Deep-dyed villains, most wicked characters, murderer Forming Opinion Opinion is a belief that rests on grounds insufficient to produce certainty, yet it is shared by many. Opinion may take the form of a sentiment, an impression, or a point of view — something that cannot be measured objectively.
Others people opinions may concur with or differ from your, but all opinions are correct as far as the one who expresses it is concerned. However, although all opinions are well taken, responsible people do not form opinions indiscriminately; rather, they weigh the facts carefully before coming up with a well though-of opinion.
Paragraph by Classification A paragraph by classification divides people, places, or things into groups. The classification is normally made according to a criterion or several criteria standards or principles on which judgment is based. In the sample paragraph, the chemical hazards, its forms, and its preventive measures are the criteria or bases of classification.
Some signal words a type of verbal bridge used for classification are: Developing Reading Skills Outlining Outlining is a reading skill used in taking down notes from a reading material. It enables one to differentiate general information from one which is specific. In an outline, any section which is subdivided must have at least two subdivisions. The grammatical structures for all the headings to be used must be parallel. Logical subordination. Items in the outline should be logically subordinated.
Sub-points listed under larger headings should be subordinate in meaning, and should not be of equal importance to them or even greater. Any sub-point should be related to the major point under which it is listed. Parallel structure. All members of the division of equal rank should have similar grammatical structure. If you start with a noun phrase for the first of the main headings, the 2 nd , 3 rd , 3tc.
Unnecessary shifts from active to passive voice or from statement to question should be avoided. The first words of an outline are always capitalized. For a topical outline, no end punctuation is used. In the opposing or block pattern, all the characteristics of Subject A are explained fully or completely before the characteristics of Subject B.
In the alternating pattern, the characteristics of Subjects A and B are elucidated alternately; that is; the first characteristic of Subject A is discussed fully, followed by the elaboration of the first characteristic of Subject B. Then the second characteristic of subject B is also taken up fully, and so on. Some signal words type of verbal bridge used for comparison and contrast are: For comparison like in the same manner equally so also too Likewise both similarly For contrasting whereas in contrast on the contrary yet instead to differentiate however but on the other hand Skimming and Scanning Skimming and scanning are two reading skills most needed when we have to read to learn, and when we have to search for information from volumes of reading materials.
Skimming is used in looking for general ideas. We skim pages, chapters, tables of contents, and even dictionaries, to find out if the reading material contains the information we need. Scanning on the other hand, is done to find specific information in answer to specific questions.
The title tells a lot about the content.
Study and Critical Thinking Skills in College, 8th Edition
Paragraph by Analogy The title tells a lot about the content. If you are wrong, admit it quickly and emphatically.
Augustine Publications, Inc. Gee En Bee. If it is expressed, it is found at the beginning of the paragraph, at the end of the paragraph, or anywhere between the first and the last sentences. It is expected therefore that as individuals acquire knowledge, they should also be empowered to think and reason. But steal it from them gradually in the guise of security, peace, and progress and you can paralyze an entire nation.
About Stella Cottrell Stella Cottrell is an international bestselling author, with over a million sales worldwide.
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