SYBEX CCNA ROUTING AND SWITCHING STUDY GUIDE PDF
TRADEMARKS: Wiley, the Wiley logo, and the Sybex logo are trademarks or registered Thank you for choosing CCNA Routing and Switching Study Guide. 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 Dear Reader, Thank you for choosing CCNA Routing and Switching Study Guide. This book is part of a family of premium-quality Sybex. Cisco is the king of routing and switching, the Microsoft of the internet- working world . Sybex offers the CCNA Study Guide in PDF format on the CD so you can .
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book was my only study material (along with a Cisco router). . Layer 2 Switching and Spanning Tree Protocol (STP). Sybex offers the CCNA Exam Study Guide in PDF on the CD so you can read the. Get More with the Deluxe Edition. This Deluxe Edition of our bestselling CCNA Study Guide features a ton of bonus materials including more than 1, practice . Certified Network Associate Study Guide and the Sybex CCNA Wireless Study Guide. Cisco is the king of routing, switching, and security, the Microsoft of the.
Determine the number of the exam you want to take. The Switching exam number is Register with the nearest Sylvan Prometric Registration Center. At this point, you will be asked to pay in advance for the exam. You can schedule an exam up to six weeks in advance or as soon as one working day prior to the day you wish to take it.
If something comes up and you need to cancel or reschedule your exam appointment, contact Sylvan Prometric at least 24 hours in advance. However, the number of exam questions and time may vary. Many questions on the exam have answer choices that at first glance look identical—especially the syntax questions!
So, to practice, do the hands-on exercises at the end of the chapters over and over again until they feel natural to you. Unlike Microsoft or Novell tests, the exam has answer choices that are syntactically similar—although some syntax is dead wrong, it is usually just subtly wrong.
Also, never forget that the right answer is the Cisco answer. In many cases, more than one appropriate answer is presented, but the correct answer is the one that Cisco recommends. Here are some general tips for exam success: They count against you. Doing this greatly improves your odds if you need to make an educated guess. The test administrator will give you the printed score report.
To best ben- efit from this book, use the following study method: Take the assessment test immediately following this introduction. The answers are at the end of the test. Carefully read over the expla- nations for any question you get wrong, and note which chapters the material comes from. This information should help you plan your study strategy. Study each chapter carefully, making sure you fully understand the information and the test objectives listed at the beginning of each chapter.
Pay extra close attention to any chapter where you missed questions in the assessment test. Complete all hands-on exercises in the chapter, referring to the chap- ter so that you understand the reason for each step you take. If you do not have Cisco equipment available, make sure to study the examples carefully.
Also, check www. Answer the review questions related to each chapter. The answers appear at the end of the chapter, after the review questions. Note the questions that confuse you, and study those sections of the book again. Take the practice exam in Appendix A.
The answers appear at the end of the exam. Try your hand at the bonus practice exam that is included on the CD that comes with this book. The questions in this exam appear only on the CD. This will give you a complete overview of what you can expect to see on the real thing.
Use the products on the CD included with this book. The electronic flashcards, the Boson Software utilities, and the EdgeTest exam prep- aration software have all been specifically picked to help you study for and pass your exam. Study on the road with the CCNP: Switching Study Guide electronic book in PDF, and be sure to test yourself with the electronic flashcards. Introduction xxxi The electronic flashcards can be used on your Windows computer or on your Palm device. Appendix B includes all the com- mands used in the book, including explanations for each command.
Try to set aside the same time period every day to study, and select a comfortable and quiet place to do so. If you work hard, you will be surprised at how quickly you learn this material.
All the best! We worked hard to provide some really great tools on the CD to help you with your certification process. In this test engine you will find all the questions from the book, plus an additional bonus practice exam that appears exclusively on the CD. You can take the assessment test, test yourself by chapter, take the practice exam that appears in the book or on the CD, or take an exam randomly generated from any of the questions.
To find more test-simulation software for all Cisco and NT exams, look for the exam link on www. Electronic Flashcards for PC and Palm Devices To prepare for the exam, you can read this book, study the review questions at the end of each chapter, and work through the practice exams included in xxxii Introduction the book and on the CD.
Test yourself with the flash- cards included on the CD. The flashcards include more than questions specifically written to hit you hard and make sure you are ready for the exam.
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Switching Study Guide are in Adobe Acrobat format. Acrobat Reader 4 with Search is also included on the CD. Boson Software Utilities Boson Software is an impressive company: They provide many free services to help you, the student. Boson has the best Cisco exam preparation ques- tions on the market at a very nice price.
The files will help you gain an understanding of the product features and the labs that the routers and switches can perform. You can upgrade this product at www. You can e-mail Kevin Hales at kb7dfs yahoo. Assessment Test 1.
Transparent bridging uses which protocol to stop network loops on layer 2 switched networks? IP routing B. STP C. VSTP D. UplinkFast Bridging 2. Choose the three components that make MLS implementation possible. MLSP C. MLS-RP 3. Why would you configure VTP version 2 on your network?
Choose all that apply. To correct TLV errors.
Cisco CCNA Routing and Switching Official Cert Guide Library [PDF]
You want to forward VTP domain messages without the switches checking the version. You have all Cisco switches. Which is the proper syntax for enabling IP multicast on a router?
Which of the following are true regarding the blocking state of an STP switch port? Blocking ports do not forward any frames.
Blocking ports listen for BPDUs. Blocking port sforward all frames. Blocking ports do not listen for BPDUs. Choose the correct definition of an XTAG. A value assigned to each packet to assign it to an MLS flow B. What Cisco Catalyst switches provide distribution layer functions?
HSRP B. IP addressing C. Proxy ARP What would you type at a console prompt to see the transmit and receive statistics of VTP? Which of the following describes local VLAN services? Users do not cross layer 3 devices and the network services are in the same broadcast domain as the users. This type of traffic never crosses the backbone.
Users cross the backbone to log in to servers for file and print services. Users would have to cross a layer 3 device to communicate with the network services, but they might not have to cross the backbone.
Layer 3 switches or routers are required in this scenario because the services must be close to the core and would probably be based in their own subnet. What command do you use to add an access list to an HTTP server running on a router? Which of the following protocols is used to determine the locations of data loops and the election of a root bridge? STP B. VSTP C. BPDU D. BackboneFast xxxviii Assessment Test What is the syntax for configuring a router to be an RP Mapping Agent?
Which of the following is an IEEE standard for frame tagging? ISL B. How do you set the enable mode password on a series switch? Which of the following is true? You must perform a no shutdown command for every subinter- face on an external route processor. You must perform a no shutdown command for every VLAN on an internal route processor.
You can use a series router for ISL routing. Assessment Test xxxix IGMPv1 B. IGMPv2 C. CGMP D. None If you wanted to set a default route on a series switch, which of the following commands would you use? Which of the following is a type of access policy that you can apply at the distribution layer? Port security B.
Access lists C. Distribute lists D. Physical security Which of the following defines remote VLAN services? Users do not cross layer 3 devices, and the network services are in the same broadcast domain as the users.
Users only cross layer 2 devices to find the network file and print services needed to perform their job function. Which of the following devices is responsible for rewriting a layer 3 switched packet? What command do you use to add an access list to a VTY line? What does a switch do with a multicast frame received on an interface? Forwards the switch to the first available link B.
Drops the frame C. Floods the network with the frame looking for the device D. Sends back a message to the originating station asking for a name resolution Enabling Auto-RP Choose the three basic steps in establishing a shortcut cache MLS cache entry.
Identification of a candidate packet D. Identification of an enable packet E. Identification of ISL trunking What is the default VLAN on all switches? VLAN 64 B. VLAN C. VLAN 1 D. Which of the following is a type of access policy that you can apply at the access layer? Which of the following is true regarding the Cisco G switch? Provides an enterprise solution for up to 96 users and up to 36 Gigabit Ethernet ports for servers B.
Supports a large number of connections and also supports an inter- nal route processor module C. Only uses an external router processor like a or series router D. Also recommended for use at the core layer What command will set the enable mode password on a switch? What does the PVST protocol provide? One instance of spanning tree per network B. Port Aggregation Protocol support D. Routing between VLANs Which of the following are examples of out-of-band management?
Console port B. VTY line C. Auxiliary port D. Telnet Which of the following IP address ranges is the valid multicast address range?
Which of the following defines enterprise services? No layer 3 switches or devices are used in this network. The users would have to cross a layer 3 device to communicate with the network services, but they might not have to cross the backbone. What is the default LAN switch type for the switch?
FastForward B. Cut-through C. LANSwitch type 1 D. FragmentFree E. Store-and-forward Which is true regarding IRDP? It can be used only on Ethernet LANs. It is used to update ARP caches on workstations.
IRDP works only with Unix devices. It uses ICMP to send update messages to clients regarding the default gateway address. What type of cable must you use to connect between two switch uplink ports? Straight B. Rolled C. Cross-over D. Fiber Assessment Test xlv Which LAN switch methods have a fixed latency time? Cut-through B. Store-and-forward C. FragmentCheck D. FragmentFree Which of the following are true regarding an RSFC card? Passwords are required to be set on the RSFC card.
The RSFC takes one slot in a series chassis. Which of the following is used to provide fault-tolerant routing? Proxy ARP B. RIP D. IRDP E. HSRP How do you set the usermode password on a switch? Which of the following is a Cisco proprietary protocol? ICMP C. HSRP D. When will a switch update its VTP database? Every 60 seconds. When a switch receives an advertisement that has a higher revision number, the switch will overwrite the database in NVRAM with the new database being advertised.
When a switch broadcasts an advertisement that has a lower revi- sion number, the switch will overwrite the database in NVRAM with the new database being advertised. When a switch receives an advertisement that has the same revi- sion number, the switch will overwrite the database in NVRAM with the new database being advertised. What is the typical time a switch port will go from blocking to for- warding state?
Router on a stick B. Multiple switches connected via ISL trunks with only one switch connected to a router C. Multiple switches connected to a router D. Multiple routers connected to one switch Assessment Test xlvii Which of the following commands is used to view the configuration of an RSM?
To configure a root bridge on a set-based switch, what command would be used? The Spanning Tree Protocol was designed to help stop networks loops that can happen with transparent bridge networks running redundant links.
See Chapter 5 for more information. B, C, D. MLS-CP is an invalid answer. See Chapter 7 for more information. A, B, C. For more information, see Chapter 3. The first two are not valid commands.
Ip mroute cache allows the interface to use fast switching or other types of interface switching for multicast traffic. See Chapter 10 for more information. When a port is in blocking state, no frames are forwarded. This is used to stop network loops. However, the blocked port will listen for BPDUs received on the port. For more information on STP, see Chapter 4. The G, series, and series were specifically designed to provide distribution layer functions.
See Chapter 1 for more information on the distribution layer and the Cisco switches designed to run at the distribution layer. Answers to Assessment Test xlix 9. Proxy ARP, running on the router, will forward these frames if necessary. The command show vtp stat is used to see VTP updates being sent and received on your switch.
The command interface vlan is used to create a VLAN inter- face. The IP address of the interface is then configured with the ip address command. See Chapter 6 for more information on internal and external route processors. The MAC prefix is always e. See Chapter 9 for more information. Packets will not pass through a layer 3 device. See Chapter 1 for more information. Use the ip http access-class number command to set an access list on an HTTP server.
Bridge Protocol Data Units are sent out every two seconds by default and provide information to switches throughout the internet- work. This includes finding redundant links, electing the root bridge, monitoring the links in the spanning tree, and notifying other switches in the network about link failures. The other syntax options are not valid.
The command set enablepass will set the password on a series switch. See Chapter 2 for more information on configuring the series of switches. An external route processor configured with subinterfaces does not need a shutdown performed on each subinterface, only the main interface.
However, an internal route processor must have a no shutdown command performed under every VLAN interface.
CCNA by Todd Lammle
The command set route default and the command set route 0. See Chapter 6 for more information on configuring a series switch. The distribution layer security can include access lists. Distrib- ute lists are access lists that you can use to filter routing tables. See Chapter 11 for more information on access policies. To communicate to another VLAN, packets must cross a layer 3 device. See Chapter 11 for more information on access lists. Answers to Assessment Test li See Chapter 2 for more information.
The switch will flood the network with the frame looking for the device. For more information on LAN switching, see Chapter 4. A, C, D. Physical security of switches is one of the most important access policies you can create at the access layer. Stopping users from plugging into any port on a switch is part of port security.
The G is not capable of handling an internal route processor.
See Chapter 1 for more information regarding the G switch. Due to the prefix length and the high order bit already in use in the multicast MAC address, only 23 bits are left for mapping. The command to set the enable password on a switch is enable password level 15 password. Connecting to the console port or auxiliary port is out-of-band management because you are not accessing the equipment from within the network.
See Chapter 11 for more information on in-band and out-of-band management. A is a Class B address. C is within the valid range, but it is not all-inclusive. Enterprise services are defined as services that are provided to all users on the internetwork. The defaults to FragmentFree, but it can be changed to store-and-forward. For more information on LAN switch types, see Chapter 4. A cross-over cable is used to connect switches to switches and hubs to hubs.
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This book is part of a family of premium-quality Sybex books, all of which are written by outstanding authors who combine practical experience with a gift for teaching. Sybex was founded in From the paper we print on, to the authors we work with, our goal is to bring you the best books available. I hope you see all that reflected in these pages.
Feel free to let me know what you think about this or any other Sybex book by sending me an email at chris. Customer feedback is critical to our efforts at Sybex. Best regards, Chris Webb Associate Publisher, Sybex Acknowledgments There are many people that work to put a book together, and as an author, I dedicated an enormous amount of time to write this book, but it would have never been published with- out the dedicated, hard work of many other people.
Monica Worthy Lammle was crucial to the finished product this book became, going over every word of every chapter with me to fine-tune the language and grammar. His expertise in the Cisco technical field, and his history of networking in general, is second to none.
His detailed analysis of my work helped make this my best CCNA study guide ever. Thank you, John, for working hard under pressure, with tight deadlines, and for staying the course of delivering high- quality work in a short time frame.So, to practice, do the hands-on exercises at the end of the chapters over and over again until they feel natural to you.
The information you will learn in this book, and need to know for the CCNA exam, is listed in the following bullet points: See Chapter 7 for more information about configuration registers. Copyright laws apply to both shareware and ordinary commercial software, and the copyright Owner s retains all rights. Distribution F. Because a campus network can easily span many buildings, bridges were used to connect the buildings together; this broke up the collision domains, but the network was still one large broadcast domain.
Show trunk B D. Local interface K. The broadcast address is 23, and the valid host range is 21 and For the best practice Cisco exam questions on the market, try www.