A TEXTBOOK OF ENGLISH PHONETICS FOR INDIAN STUDENTS PDF
T. Balasubramanian is the author of A Textbook of English phonetics for Indian students ( avg rating, 73 ratings, 5 reviews, published ) and Engl. A Textbook of English Phonetics for Indian Students (SecondEdition) is an elementary but detailed textbook of EnglishPhonetics. Sufficient information about. A textbook of English phonetics for Indian students [T Balasubramanian] on sppn.info *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
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About the Book: A Textbook of English Phonetics for Indian Students (Second Edition)is an elementary but detailed textbook of English Phonetics. Sufficient. (for English major college students). Compiled by: Dear students,. This is a brief overview of the essential issues in English phonetics English vowels sounds (monothongs and diphthongs) in the form of funny stories. Besides, you can . of the American Indians and throughout Africa, India, and Pakistan. Clicks occur in. To enable the learner to use different skills of English language with special Balasubramanian, T. A Textbook of English Phonetics for Indian students. Madras.
The so-called retroflexes in Hindi are actually articulated as apical post-alveolar plosives, sometimes even with a tendency to come down to the alveolar region. So a Hindi speaker normally cannot distinguish the difference between their own apical post-alveolar plosives and English's alveolar plosives. Languages such as Tamil have true retroflex plosives, however, wherein the articulation is done with the tongue curved upwards and backwards at the roof of the mouth.
The following are the variations in Indian English: Pronunciations vary between rhotic and non-rhotic; with pronunciations leaning towards native phonology being generally rhotic, and others being non-rhotic. In recent years, rhoticity has been increasing.
Thus, wet and vet are often homophones. This replacement is equally true for Persian and Arabic loanwords into Hindi. This is common among people without formal English education. Retroflex and dental consonants are not present and only alveolar consonants are used unlike other Indian languages.
Exactly the opposite is seen for many Bengalis. This is usually dealt with by epenthesis. Spelling pronunciation[ edit ] A number of distinctive features of Indian English are due to " the vagaries of English spelling ".
Indians' tendency to pronounce English phonetically as well can cause divergence from Western English. This phenomenon is known as spelling pronunciation.
In other words, speech is a system of vocal symbols or sequences of sounds produced by the vocal organs. English phonemes can be classified according to their articulatory production by the vocal organs.
Phonemes classification is language specific. An understanding of these phonemes can be brought about by analyzing the speech sounds. Every language has a restricted number of speech sounds.
For example, English has 44 speech sounds or phonemes, comprising of 24 consonants and 20 vowels. These phonemes combine to form morphemes, words and sentences.
English Phonetics and Phonology: An Introduction, 2nd Edition
The phenomenon of combination of sound units gives language its characteristic structure. These sound units are otherwise called sound segments i. Further, there is co- articulation of segments and the vowels or consonants contribute to the supra segmental nature of speech sounds. The phonetic and phonological features of these segments are language specific and are explained in relation to a particular language.
To describe a language phonetically, the quality of the segments needs to be analyzed systematically and quantitative differences in the realization of sounds, viz. It presented the phonemic inventory among speakers.
It also presented phonetic divergences from Received Pronunciation R. On the other hand, the paper presented divergences in respect of segmental features of the English spoken by the non-English undergraduate teachers. Volume 5 Issue 2 www. His work on intelligibility of Indian English paved the way for comparative studies on phonetic aspects of Indian English, with those of Received Pronunciation RP.
The influence of Mother Tongue MT on English spoken by Indian speakers has been studied by different researchers both at phonetic and phonological levels. Influence of mother tongue is also observed in the stress pattern.
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Extensive work has been done in this area. Prabhakar Babu has made a detailed phonological study of English spoken by Telugu speakers in Andhra Pradesh, highlighting the major influences of Telugu on English.
He has looked at the variation in the stress pattern of Indian English speakers as compare to that of R. He also discussed the pronunciation pattern of Telugu speakers, with acoustic measurements to support the extent of influence of Telugu on spoken English, of various categories of speakers in Andhra Pradesh.
Nagamma Reddy worked on different aspects of the acoustic phonetic features of Telugu speakers of English, viz. Other works on Indian English, with special reference to segmental and supra-segmental features have appeared. P, based on the phonological analysis of the speech of eight newscasters.
The factors, which formed the basis for the analysis, were age, sex, educational background, and degree of intelligibility and the extent of supra-rationality of the subjects selected. Balasubramanian studied the pronunciation pattern of Tamilian English.
Francis Sounder Rajan compared the intonation and accent of Tamil with those of English. Among the comparative phonetic studies, Syamala has compared the sound system of Malayalam with that of English RP , and Asif Shuja has discussed the influence of Urdu phonetic structure on the speakers of English and has suggested remedial measures.
Method The subjects of the present study were 20 undergraduate teachers. These teachers were teaching in undergraduate colleges, which were affiliated to Osmania University, Hyderabad.
The study was restricted to the analysis of twenty speakers 20 , male 14 and six female 6 their age varies from 28 to 50 and their L1 was Telugu. All the considerations of the research are strictly based on limited data recorded from the twenty speakers.
The phonetic transcription of the spoken data was done purely based on the auditory impression of the researcher as listened to the recorded cassette and it is also an attempt to assure the questions. Word lists were used to collect record data from teachers.
In place of the three distinctive Central Vowels in RP, viz. Vowel articulation can be characterized along four dimensions: 1 Based on the height of the tongue high, mid and low vowels; 2 Depending on the front- back of tongue body front, central and back; 3 Reflecting on the roundedness of lips rounded or unrounded; 4 Based on tenseness tense or lax Jones, The articulation of vowels presented in the below diagram.
Figure 1: Diagrammatic representation of English vowel sounds Vowels in Present Analysis Based on the majority pattern, phonemic inventory presented in chart. The following vowels were used by the speakers. The vowel length was sustained by some of the speakers.
According to them RP consists of 20 consonants, which further classified according to, the manner of articulation and the place of articulation. Vowels occupy the nuclear or central position in a syllable, and consonants form the marginal elements or the boundary elements.
Manner of articulation is concerned with the air flow, i. They are continuous, intense and periodic phonemes. They are classified depending on i the place of articulation and ii the manner of articulation.This is used only in writing, and is read as "Example KJ — Abbreviated term for the noun killjoy.
The vowel length was sustained by some of the speakers. Soundararaj, Francis. Kanji Books Kanji books are another essential asset for any student of Japanese. Must read for everyone interested in linguistics! Polo — Used in the Philippines to mean the dress shirt.
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